Featured Product

    BIS on Impact of Increasing Use of Cloud Technology on Cyber Risk

    May 20, 2020

    BIS published a working paper that examines the drivers of cyber risk, especially in context of the cloud services. The paper highlights that the use of cloud services is associated with lower costs, especially when cyber incidents are relatively small. However, as cloud connectivity increases and cloud providers become systemically important, cloud dependence is also likely to increase tail risks. The study finds that developing technological skills helps firms mitigate the costs of cyber incidents, as does more reliance on cloud services.

    Cloud technology can reduce IT costs, improve resilience, and enable firms to scale better. However, the technology strengthens interdependence across firms that have shared exposures to similar (or even the same) cloud service providers. This technology enables firms to rent computing power and storage from service providers, which gives them flexibility in their storage costs. However, all of this comes with some risks, as it involves firms inherently placing a lot of trust in vendors of cloud technology. The presence of a market failure through information asymmetry between buyer and vendor is rather well-recognized. Often users of cloud services may not know the exact location of their data or the other sources of the data collectively stored with theirs. The financial sector experiences the highest number of cyber incidents (especially of a malicious type, privacy and lost data incidents). However, banks and insurance companies incur more limited losses relative to other sectors, likely due to the effects of regulation and higher investment in cyber security. Additionally, crypto-related activities, which are largely unregulated, are associated with higher losses. 

    Nevertheless, cloud computing can be a target for cyber criminals and could pose a concern in terms of systemic risk. Providers of cloud services, undoubtedly have some of the best cyber-security experts and ultimately provide highly secure services, but tail risks could lead to substantial losses and potentially bring the economy to a halt. Moreover, the market for cloud services is highly concentrated and there are warnings about increased homogeneity and the greater risk of single points of failure. Through shared software, hardware, and vendors, incidents could, in principle, spread more quickly, leading to higher overall costs. The impact of the use of cloud services in the case of cyber attacks can thus go both ways and clearly depends on the benefit-risk analysis. Based on this, the authors have made a hypothesis. A higher dependency on cloud technologies can alter losses from cyber events. However, the net benefit depends on the connectivity of the cyber incidents and the size of the shock.


    Related Links

    Keywords: International, Banking, Insurance, Securities, Cloud Computing, Cyber Risk, Systemic Risk, Operational Risk, BIS

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles

    ESAs Issue Multiple Regulatory Updates for Financial Sector Entities

    The three European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) issued a letter to inform about delay in the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) mandate, along with a Call for Evidence on greenwashing practices.

    November 15, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    ISSB Makes Announcements at COP27; IASB to Propose IFRS 9 Amendments

    The International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) of the IFRS Foundations made several announcements at COP27 and with respect to its work on the sustainability standards.

    November 10, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    IOSCO Prioritizes Green Disclosures, Greenwashing, and Carbon Markets

    The International Organization for Securities Commissions (IOSCO), at COP27, outlined the regulatory priorities for sustainability disclosures, mitigation of greenwashing, and promotion of integrity in carbon markets.

    November 09, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    EBA Finalizes Methodology for Stress Tests, Issues Other Updates

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) issued a statement in the context of COP27, clarified the operationalization of intermediate EU parent undertakings (IPUs) of third-country groups

    November 09, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    OSFI Sets Out Work Priorities and Reporting Updates for Banks

    The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) published an annual report on its activities, a report on forward-looking work.

    November 07, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    APRA Finalizes Changes to Capital Framework, Issues Other Updates

    The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) finalized amendments to the capital framework, announced a review of the prudential framework for groups.

    November 03, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    BIS Hub and Central Banks Conduct CBDC and DeFI Pilots

    The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Innovation Hubs and several central banks are working together on various central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilots.

    November 03, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    ECB Sets Deadline for Banks to Meet Its Climate Risk Expectations

    The European Central Bank (ECB) published the results of its thematic review, which shows that banks are still far from adequately managing climate and environmental risks.

    November 02, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    ESAs, ECB, & EC Issue Multiple Regulatory Updates for Financial Sector

    Among its recent publications, the European Banking Authority (EBA) published the final standards and guidelines on interest rate risk arising from non-trading book activities (IRRBB)

    October 31, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    EC Adopts Final Rules Under CRR, BRRD, and Crowdfunding Regulation

    The European Commission (EC) recently adopted regulations with respect to the calculation of own funds requirements for market risk, the prudential treatment of global systemically important institutions (G-SIIs)

    October 26, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 8582