Featured Product

    BoE Paper Examines Impact of Systemwide Stress on Market-Based Finance

    July 12, 2019

    BoE published a working paper that presents a model for assessing the behavior of market-based finance in UK under system-wide stress. The core of this model is a set of representative agents, which correspond to key sectors of the financial system in UK. These agents interact in asset, funding (repo), and derivatives markets and face a range of solvency and liquidity constraints on their behavior.

    Market-based finance has been an increasingly important source of credit to the real economy since the financial crisis. The working paper describes characteristics of the market-based finance sector in UK, also presenting details of the assessment model, data used to parameterise the model, and results from the model. The model generates "tipping points" such that, if shocks are large, or if headroom relative to constraints is small, lower asset prices can cause solvency/liquidity constraints to bind, resulting in forced deleveraging and large endogenous illiquidity premia. The findings highlight the key role played by broker-dealers, commercial banks, investment funds, and life insurers in shaping these dynamics. 

    The model can generate an adverse feedback loop in which lower asset prices cause solvency/liquidity constraints to bind, leading intermediaries to pull funding, greater deleveraging, pushing asset prices lower still. This feedback loop has been illustrated via a stress scenario in which a deteriorating corporate sector outlook coincides with heightened redemptions from investment funds and tighter leverage limits at key intermediaries. This scenario highlights the potential interplay between solvency and liquidity constraints in shaping the response of asset prices in the model. The result notes that the reaction of a broker-dealers, which pulls significant reverse repo provision to "downstream" investors to meet its leverage limit, amplifies the shock substantially. Similarly, the behavior of the commercial bank intensifies the funding squeeze further. The results point to the solvency position of a life insurer as the key tipping point for the system. The authors of the paper suggest several avenues for future research. There may be value in using insights from this model to build summary indicators of the resilience of the system. One such indicator might involve keeping track of the stock of "unlevered" funding that might support market prices in an actual stress event.

     

    Related Links

    Keywords: Europe, UK, Banking, Insurance, Securities, Stress Testing, Market-Based Finance, Solvency and Liquidity Constraints, Repo, Systemic Risk, BoE

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles
    News

    APRA Issues Interim Update to Policy Priorities for 2021 and Beyond

    In a letter addressed to the industry, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) set out an updated schedule of policy priorities for the banking, insurance, and superannuation industries.

    September 24, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EC Adopts Solvency II and Resolution Rules Package for Insurers

    The European Commission (EC) adopted a comprehensive review package of Solvency II rules in the European Union.

    September 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    OCC Issues Booklets on Regulatory Reporting and Earnings

    The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) issued Versions 1.0 of the "Earnings" and "Regulatory Reporting" booklets of the Comptroller's Handbook.

    September 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECB Sets Out Results of Economy-Wide Climate Stress Tests

    The European Central Bank (ECB) published results of its economy-wide climate stress test, which aimed to assess the resilience of non-financial corporates and euro area banks to climate risks.

    September 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Examines Implications of Increasing Use of Digital Platforms in EU

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) published a report on the use of digital platforms in the banking and payments sector in European Union.

    September 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HKMA Issues Updates on Policy Measures Intended to Ease COVID Impact

    The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) published updates on the policy measures that were announced in context of the ongoing pandemic.

    September 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ISDA Responds to BCBS Proposal on Treatment of Cryptoasset Exposures

    The International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA), along with several other associations, submitted a joint response to the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) consultation on preliminary proposals for the prudential treatment of cryptoasset exposures.

    September 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BIS Quarterly Review Discusses Developments in Fintech and ESG Space

    BIS published the September issue of the Quarterly Review, which contains special features that analyze the rapid rise in equity funding for financial technology firms, the effectiveness of policy measures in response to pandemic, and the evolution of international banking.

    September 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BCBS to Consult on Supervisory Practices for Climate Risks by Year-End

    The Basel Committee for Banking Supervision (BCBS) met in September 2021 and reviewed climate-related financial risks, discussed impact of digitalization, and welcomed efforts by the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Foundation to develop a common set of sustainability reporting standards

    September 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    OCC Identifies Operational Risk Deficiencies in MUFG Union Bank

    The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) issued a Cease and Desist Order against MUFG Union Bank for deficiencies in technology and operational risk governance.

    September 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 7494