European Council agreed on a package of measures aimed to reduce risk in the banking industry. The package comprises Capital Requirements Regulation and Directive (regulation 575/2013 or CRR 2, and directive 2013/36 or CRD 5), Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (directive 2014/59/EU or BRRD 2), and Single Resolution Mechanism Regulation (806/2014 or SRMR 2).
The proposals are intended to implement reforms agreed at the international level following the 2007–08 financial crisis. The reforms include elements agreed by BCBS and FSB. The proposals on bank capital requirements include a binding net stable funding ratio and a binding leverage ratio to prevent banks from excessively increasing leverage. The proposals on bank recovery and resolution implement the November 2015 standard of FSB on total loss-absorbing capacity (TLAC). They integrate the TLAC requirement into the minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities (MREL) rules of EU. The TLAC standard sets out requirements for G-SIIs only while MREL covers the entire EU banking industry; the proposals address this and other differences between the two. While speaking at the ECOFIN Conference, the EC Vice President Valdis Dombrovskis highlighted that "this package also includes the principle of proportionality, with certain alleviations for smaller banks to reduce their reporting requirements and the related administrative burden." This important milestone "provides the Council Presidency with the mandate to start negotiations with the European Parliament."
This package contributes significantly to further reducing risks in EU banks and it is an essential element for the completion of Banking Union. It builds on existing banking rules and aims to complete the post-crisis regulatory agenda, making sure that outstanding challenges to financial stability are addressed. The European Council is due to review the progress achieved so far in reducing risk in the EU banking industry in June 2018 and could decide on further specific steps to be taken.
Keywords: Europe, EU, Banking, CRR 2, CRD 5, BRRD 2, SRMR 2, Proportionality, EC, European Council
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