FSI published a paper that explores the state of implementation of the key Basel standards, while outlining the associated proportionality practices, in 100 jurisdictions that are not members of BCBS. The prudential requirements covered in this study include risk-based capital (RBC) rules, leverage requirements, two quantitative liquidity standards, and the large exposures standard, which are collectively referred to as Pillar 1 requirements. The paper also catalogs a range of proportionality practices applied in non-BCBS jurisdictions, providing a reference for authorities that seek to tailor the Basel framework to fit their country-specific circumstances.
The findings state that all jurisdictions have adopted some version of the Basel RBC regime, while most have implemented, in some manner, quantitative liquidity standards and the large exposures rule. Of the Pillar 1 requirements, most of the surveyed jurisdictions have adopted the RBC regime in various forms, the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR), and some version of the large exposures standard. All 100 jurisdictions have adopted some iteration of the RBC regime (Basel I, II, or III), while 81 countries reported the adoption of either the LCR (54 jurisdictions) or domestic liquidity rules (27). Similarly, 91 jurisdictions have adopted the large exposures rule, based on either the 2014 large exposures standard (14), some variation of the 1991 standard (38), or their own domestic large exposure rule (39). Despite its relative simplicity, the leverage ratio has been adopted by only 16 surveyed jurisdictions, with another four countries applying a domestic leverage rule. Similarly, the NSFR has been adopted by 15 jurisdictions.
The lack of global prudential standards for non-internationally active banks has led national authorities to implement a range of proportionality approaches. In their implementation of Basel standards, nearly all jurisdictions apply proportionality, simplifying standards in some cases and applying more stringent requirements in others. As countries shift to the Basel III RBC regime, more extensive proportionality strategies are applied. In practice, jurisdictions follow one or a combination of three proportionality strategies with respect to the Basel III RBC regime. Within the RBC regime, the market risk capital requirement is most often subject to a proportionate approach. The perceived complexity of the market risk framework has led many countries to either exempt all banks from the market risk capital requirements (Basel I countries) or to exempt banks with small trading books from the market risk capital charge (Basel III countries).
Keywords: International, Banking, Basel III, Basel Framework, Proportionality, RBC Regime, BCBS
Previous ArticleUS House Holds Hearing to Assess Impact of CECL Accounting Standard
PRA published the policy statement PS8/21, which contains the final supervisory statement SS3/21 on the PRA approach to supervision of the new and growing non-systemic banks in UK.
EBA published a report that sets out the final draft regulatory technical standards specifying the conditions according to which consolidation shall be carried out in line with Article 18 of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).
EBA updated the list of other systemically important institutions (O-SIIs) in EU.
BCBS published two reports that discuss transmission channels of climate-related risks to the banking system and the measurement methodologies of climate-related financial risks.
UK Authorities (FCA and PRA) welcomed the findings of FSB peer review on the implementation of financial sector remuneration reforms in the UK.
PRA and FCA jointly issued a letter that highlights risks associated with the increasing volumes of deposits that are placed with banks and building societies via deposit aggregators and how to mitigate these risks.
MFSA announced that amendments to the Banking Act, Subsidiary Legislation, and Banking Rules will be issued in the coming months, to transpose the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD5) into the national regulatory framework.
EC finalized the Delegated Regulation 2021/598 that supplements the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR or 575/2013) and lays out the regulatory technical standards for assigning risk-weights to specialized lending exposures.
OSFI launched a consultation to explore ways to enhance the OSFI assurance over capital, leverage, and liquidity returns for banks and insurers, given the increasing complexity arising from the evolving regulatory reporting framework due to IFRS 17 (Insurance Contracts) standard and Basel III reforms.
ECB published results of the benchmarking analysis of the recovery plan cycle for 2019.