Featured Product

    IMF Publishes Report on 2019 Article IV Consultation with Sweden

    March 26, 2019

    IMF published its staff report under the 2019 Article IV consultation with Sweden. Directors welcomed the adoption of stricter mortgage amortization requirements, while calling for financial sector risks to remain under close watch, including by collecting household-level balance-sheet data. They supported continued review of the adequacy of banks’ commercial property risk management and the health of commercial property borrowers.

    The report reveals that the macro-prudential framework was strengthened and a well-targeted tightening of macro-prudential measures was adopted. Addressing a key recommendation of the 2016 Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) to enable timely and effective macro-prudential action, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority's macro-prudential mandate was expanded from February 2018, giving it the authority to apply measures subject to government approval but no longer requiring parliamentary approval. A stricter amortization requirement became effective in March 2018, raising the minimum amortization on new mortgages with a loan-to-income (LTI) over 450%.

    Noting increased risk-taking in the financial sector, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority announced, in September, increased (by 0.5 percentage point) the countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) to 2.5% from September 2019; this CCyB is the highest in Europe. Macro-prudential policy should remain on alert and household-level data collection enhanced to help evaluate its effectiveness. The recent decline in housing prices and the subsequent stability have been associated with some slowing in the household credit growth. As the stricter amortization requirements take hold, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority expects the share of new high LTI mortgages to decline substantially, helping to contain vulnerabilities over time.

    The banking system is robust, yet it faces challenges from financial innovation, requiring steps to contain prudential risks without preventing competition. Swedish banks maintain high profitability and capital levels, along with sound loan books. However, new entrants into the mortgage market are capitalizing on innovations in the financial services technology, relatively high profit margins on mortgages, and the ready availability of market funding from institutional investors. These nonbank entities provide low-cost mortgages to high-quality borrowers (with less than 60% loan-to-value for instance) and transfer the credit risk to end-investors such as life insurers. Although these nonbanks are a small share of the mortgage market, it is important that they meet the same macro-prudential and consumer protection requirements, while ensuring compliance costs are manageable. Commercial real estate is another area where nonbank financing is playing a growing role, but bank exposure remains material.

    The IMF staff recommends that Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority should continue to closely review the adequacy of risk management by banks, along with the financial health of commercial property borrowers. The Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority should also assess the adequacy of measures adopted to contain default risks and improve the efficiency of default management procedures.

     

    Related Link: Staff Report

     

    Keywords: Europe, Sweden, Banking, Insurance, Macro-Prudential Framework, Credit Risk, FSAP, Mortgage, Article IV, CCyB, IMF

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles
    News

    US Agencies Issue Several Regulatory and Reporting Updates

    The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FED) adopted the final rule on Adjustable Interest Rate (LIBOR) Act.

    January 04, 2023 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECB Issues Multiple Reports and Regulatory Updates for Banks

    The European Central Bank (ECB) published an updated list of supervised entities, a report on the supervision of less significant institutions (LSIs), a statement on macro-prudential policy.

    January 01, 2023 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HKMA Keeps List of D-SIBs Unchanged, Makes Other Announcements

    The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) published a circular on the prudential treatment of crypto-asset exposures, an update on the status of transition to new interest rate benchmarks.

    December 30, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EU Issues FAQs on Taxonomy Regulation, Rules Under CRD, FICOD and SFDR

    The European Commission (EC) adopted the standards addressing supervisory reporting of risk concentrations and intra-group transactions, benchmarking of internal approaches, and authorization of credit institutions.

    December 29, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    CBIRC Revises Measures on Corporate Governance Supervision

    The China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC) issued rules to manage the risk of off-balance sheet business of commercial banks and rules on corporate governance of financial institutions.

    December 29, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HKMA Publications Address Sustainability Issues in Financial Sector

    The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) made announcements to address sustainability issues in the financial sector.

    December 23, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Updates Address Basel and NPL Requirements for Banks

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) published regulatory standards on identification of a group of connected clients (GCC) as well as updated the lists of identified financial conglomerates.

    December 22, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ESMA Publishes 2022 ESEF XBRL Taxonomy and Conformance Suite

    The General Board of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), at its December meeting, issued an updated risk assessment via the quarterly risk dashboard and held discussions on key policy priorities to address the systemic risks in the European Union.

    December 22, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FCA Sets up ESG Committee, Imposes Penalties, and Issues Other Updates

    The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) is seeking comments, until December 21, 2022, on the draft guidance for firms to support existing mortgage borrowers.

    December 20, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Reports Assess NBFI Sector and Progress on LIBOR Transition

    The Financial Stability Board (FSB) published a report that assesses progress on the transition from the Interbank Offered Rates, or IBORs, to overnight risk-free rates as well as a report that assesses global trends in the non-bank financial intermediation (NBFI) sector.

    December 20, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 8697