EC published the Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/397 regarding the date until which counterparties may continue to apply their risk-management procedures for certain over-the-counter (OTC) derivative contracts not cleared by a central counterparty (CCP). Regulation 2019/397 amends the Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2251 supplementing European Market Infrastructure Regulation (No 648/2012), or EMIR, and it shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
The requirement to exchange collateral, as set out in EMIR in respect of OTC derivative contracts not cleared by a CCP, does not take into account the eventuality of a member state withdrawing from EU. The challenges faced by those parties to an OTC derivative contract whose counterparties are established in UK are a direct consequence of an event that is beyond their control and may put them at a disadvantage compared to other counterparties in EU. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2251 specifies different dates of application of the procedures to exchange collateral for non-centrally cleared OTC derivative contracts, depending on the category of counterparty to those contracts.
Before EMIR and Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2251 applied, counterparties to non-centrally cleared OTC derivative contracts were not required to exchange collateral and bilateral trades were, therefore, not collateralized or they were collateralized on a voluntary basis. If counterparties were required to exchange collateral as a result of novating their contracts to address the withdrawal of UK from EU, the remaining counterparty may not be able to agree to the novation. To ensure smooth functioning of the market and a level playing field between counterparties established in EU, counterparties should be able to replace counterparties established in UK with counterparties in a member state without being required to exchange collateral in respect of those novated contracts. The date from which they should be required to exchange collateral for the novation of those contracts should be 12 months after the date of application of this amending Regulation. Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2251, therefore, has been amended accordingly. Consequently, in the Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2251, Article 35 that addresses "transitional provisions" has been replaced.
Regulation (EU) 2019/397 shall apply from the date following that on which the Treaties cease to apply to, and in, UK pursuant to Article 50(3) of the Treaty on EU. However, this Regulation shall not apply in case a withdrawal agreement concluded with UK has entered into force by that date or a decision has been taken to extend the two-year period referred to in Article 50(3) of the Treaty on EU.
Effective Date: March 14, 2019
Keywords: Europe, EU, UK, Securities, Banking, EMIR, OTC Derivatives, CCP, Brexit, Non-Centrally Cleared Derivatives, Regulation 2019/397, EC
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