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    OCC Proposes Rule to Determine True Lender in Loan Transactions

    July 22, 2020

    OCC proposed a rule that would determine when a national bank or federal savings association makes a loan and is the “true lender” in the context of a partnership between a bank and a third party, such as a marketplace lender. The proposed rule would resolve this uncertainty by specifying that a bank makes a loan and is the “true lender” if, as of the date of origination, it is named as the lender in the loan agreement or funds the loan. The deadline for comments on the rule is September 03, 2020.

    A key objective of this proposal is to provide regulatory clarity and certainty that would enable banks and their partners to lend in a manner consistent with their business objectives and risk appetite and in compliance with the applicable laws and regulations. Identifying the lender would pinpoint key elements of the statutory, regulatory, and supervisory framework applicable to the loan in question. When a bank makes a loan, it is responsible for ensuring that the loan is made both in a safe and sound manner and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, even if the loan is made in the context of a third-party partnership and even if the bank’s partner is the customer-facing entity. As the bank’s prudential regulator, OCC directly supervises these lending activities and ensures that the bank has instituted appropriate safeguards to manage the risks associated with the partnership. 

    There are also circumstances in which a bank is not named as the lender in the loan agreement but is still, in the view of OCC, making the loan. To ensure that the OCC rule would capture these circumstances, the agency is proposing a second standard based on which party funded the loan. Under this standard, if a bank funds a loan as of the date of origination, OCC concludes that it has a predominant economic interest in the loan and, therefore, has made the loan—regardless of whether it is the named lender in the loan agreement as of the date of origination. Under the OCC proposal, the determination of which entity made the loan under the above standards would be complete as of the date the loan is originated and would not change, even if the bank were to subsequently transfer the loan.


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    Comment Due Date: September 03, 2020

    Keywords: Americas, US, Banking, True Lender Rule, National Banks, Federal Savings Associations, Credit Risk, Bank Lending, OCC

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