Featured Product

    IMF Publishes Reports on 2018 Article IV Consultation with Hong Kong

    January 24, 2019

    IMF published its staff report and selected issues report under the 2018 Article IV consultation with the People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR). The staff report focuses on progress made toward implementing the 2014 Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) recommendations and assesses the overall the health of the financial sector in Hong Kong SAR, including the implementation of Basel III. The selected issues report highlights Hong Kong SAR as a regional financial center and a gateway to Mainland China, examining the impact of external developments on the financial sector of Hong Kong SAR.

    The staff report highlights that robust financial regulation and supervision should help weather domestic and external shocks. The implementation of Basel III requirements remains on track and the countercyclical capital buffer has appropriately been increased further. The authorities have also introduced the net stable funding ratio while rules on loss-absorbing capacity requirements for authorized institutions will be implemented by the year-end. Banks’ capital buffers and liquidity positions remain strong, due to stringent regulatory standards. Moreover, supervision of bank loans to property developers has been appropriately strengthened through higher capital charges, with Mainland China-related exposures being closely monitored. The overall financial exposure to Mainland China remains high, with about 39% of loans extended for Mainland-related purposes. Asset quality of that lending remained sound, with a nonperforming loan ratio of 0.64% in the third quarter of 2018. Appendix V summarizes the property market measures introduced since 2009 while the staff recommends that the authorities should also consider measures to extend the regulatory perimeter to reduce regulatory arbitrage from lending by property developers.

    The staff report states that Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) intends to impose quantitative limits on margin lending by brokers. Moreover, the development of a risk-based capital regime for insurance companies is in Phase 2, with a focus on detailed rules for quantitative requirements. The staff report also concludes that the authorities have implemented all the main recommendations from the 2014 FSAP. Appendix IV details the 2014 FSAP recommendations and their implementation status while Appendix VI discusses the stats of the key recommendations of the 2017 Article IV consultation. The next FSAP for Hong Kong SAR is scheduled for 2019. The staff recommends that robust regulatory and supervisory framework should continue to be strengthened to limit buildup of risks.

    The staff also recommends that fintech developments should be carefully evaluated to balance efficiency gains against potential risks. Continued efforts to support healthy development of the fintech sector will be the key to bolster standing of Hong Kong SAR as a regional financial center. Technology risks and cyber-security continue to be a focus, with the aim to achieve a balance between innovation and regulation. In this context, a number of initiatives are currently underway:

    • HKMA launched an Open Application Programming Interface (API) Framework for the banking sector in July 2018 to encourage greater banking sector competition and innovation; all retail banks will be required to have open API at the end of the implementation, which will take place over four phases.
    • The revised Guideline on Authorization of Virtual Banks was issued in May 2018.
    • The Faster Payment System, allowing the use of e-mails and mobile phones for payments in Hong Kong dollars and RMB across 21 banks and ten e-wallets, was launched in September 2018 and it supports instant, multi-currency payments on a 24/7 basis.
    • HKMA is strengthening collaboration with authorities in other jurisdictions to support innovation and information-sharing. A distributed ledger technology-based trade finance platform—eTradeConnect—was launched in October 2018. Meanwhile, the Enhanced Fintech Supervisory Sandbox, in operation since September 2017, helps to enhance communications between regulators and financial institutions on ongoing Fintech projects.

     

    Related Links

    Keywords: Asia Pacific, Hong Kong, Banking, Insurance, Securities, Basel III, Fintech, Article IV, FSAP, IMF

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles
    News

    SEC Finalizes Capital and Margin Requirements for Security-Based Swaps

    SEC adopted a package of rules and rule amendments to establish capital, margin, and segregation requirements for security-based swaps, under Title VII of the Dodd-Frank Act.

    August 22, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECB Revises Prudential Provisioning Expectations for New NPEs

    ECB is revising its supervisory expectations for prudential provisioning of new non-performing exposures (NPEs) specified in the “Addendum to the ECB Guidance to banks on non-performing loans” (Addendum)

    August 22, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    CFTC Proposes to Revise Information Collection on Margin Requirements

    CFTC is requesting comments on the burdens associated with certain aspects of the Margin Requirements for Uncleared Swaps for Swap Dealers and Major Swap Participants (final rule).

    August 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FASB to Delay Effective Date for Insurance Contracts Standard

    FASB issued a proposed Accounting Standards Update that would grant all insurance companies that issue long-duration contracts, such as life insurance and annuities, additional time to apply the standard that addresses this area of financial reporting.

    August 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Publishes Phase 2 of Technical Package on Reporting Framework 2.9

    EBA published phase 2 of its technical package on the reporting framework 2.9, which includes validation rules, Data Point Model (DPM) data dictionary, and XBRL taxonomies.

    August 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Publishes Responses to Its Consultation Related to SME Financing

    FSB published responses received to the consultation on a report on the evaluation of the effects of financial regulatory reforms on small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financing.

    August 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    APRA Revises Related Entities Standard for Banks

    APRA published a strengthened prudential standard APS 222 on associations with related entities, with the aim to mitigate contagion risk within banking groups.

    August 20, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA and ESMA Issue Joint Response to EC Letter on Crypto-Assets

    EBA and ESMA issued a joint response to the EC letter, from July 19, 2019, on crypto-assets.

    August 20, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB on Responses to Consultation on Wind-Down of Trading Portfolios

    FSB published responses received to the consultation on the solvent wind-down of the derivatives and trading book portfolio of a global systemically important bank (G-SIB).

    August 19, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Publishes Responses to Consultation on Resolvability Disclosures

    FSB published responses received to the consultation on disclosures for resolution planning and resolvability of banks.

    August 19, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 3681