Featured Product

    ESRB Report on Macro-Prudential Implications of Financial Instruments

    February 25, 2020

    ESRB published a report on the macro-prudential implications of financial instruments that are measured at fair value according to IFRS 9 and IFRS 13 and classified as Level 2 and Level 3 instruments for accounting purposes. The analyzed data reveal a significant heterogeneity across banks regarding the relative importance of Level 2 and 3 instruments as well as the underlying portfolios, instruments, and models associated with them. The report concludes that policy responses should focus on increasing transparency through improved disclosure; making full use of the mandates assigned to auditors, accounting enforcers, and micro-prudential supervisors; and promptly incorporating the Fundamental Review of the Trading Book, or FRTB, into the prudential framework in EU.

    Supervisory data from EBA show that EU banks had fair value financial assets totaling EUR 7,279 billion on their balance sheets in December 2018 (accounting for about 25% of total assets), with EUR 2,379 billion in Level 1 (mostly debt securities), EUR 4,600 billion in Level 2 (mostly derivatives) and EUR 300 billion in Level 3. Relative to the situation at the end of 2016, data for December 2018 show a sizable decline in the total value of financial instruments measured at fair value, driven by a decline in derivative positions. The report identifies three main areas in which financial instruments measured at fair value can affect financial stability and, thus, have a macro-prudential impact. These relate to inaccurate valuation of financial instruments, possible volatility and illiquidity in times of stress (particularly for financial instruments classified as Levels 2 and 3), and inadequate reflection of underlying risks in the prudential framework.

    In terms of volume, holdings of Level 2 and 3 assets remain highly concentrated. In the recent EBA Transparency Exercise, five banks accounted for half of all Level 2 assets reported by banks in that sample, with ten banks accounting for half of all Level 3 assets. The majority of banks with large amounts of Level 2 and 3 assets have been classified as global systemically important banks by FSB, reflecting the size of their balance sheets. The data analyzed in this report, however, suggest that the relative importance of Level 2 and 3 instruments varies significantly across EU banks and is not always directly correlated with the size of the bank. The report concludes that, in terms of transparency, more comprehensive and more granular disclosure by banks would support the efforts of regulatory authorities in this area and result in more effective market discipline. Additionally, FRTB represents a significant improvement in the way that market risk is considered in the regulatory capital requirements of banks. It should be promptly implemented in EU, so that capital requirements better reflect the underlying market risk, learning the lessons from the global financial crisis.

    Finally, given the significant heterogeneity observed across EU banks, auditors, accounting enforcers, and micro-prudential supervisors should make full use of their mandates with regard to Level 2 and 3 instruments. The efforts should be aimed at:

    • Ensuring that banks treat similar instruments in a similar manner and that uncertainty in the valuation of financial instruments is adequately reflected
    • Conducting more detailed assessments of the prudential valuation framework for banks
    • Understanding the performance of banks’ valuation models in the presence of market stress and even back-testing models
    • Understanding how disclosures relating to financial instruments classified in Levels 2 and 3 under IFRS 13 are effectively put in practice by European banks and ensuring the adherence to disclosure requirements 

     

    Related Links

    Keywords: Europe, EU, Banking, Accounting, IFRS 9, Financial Instruments, Macro-prudential Policy, Disclosures, Regulatory Capital, Fair Value Accounting, FRTB, ESRB

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles
    News

    FSB Sets Out Effective Practices for Cyber Incident Recovery

    FSB finalized the toolkit of effective practices to assist financial institutions in their cyber incident response and recovery activities.

    October 19, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HKMA Urges Early Action for Adherence to IBOR Fallbacks Protocol

    HKMA urged authorized institutions to take early action to adhere to the IBOR Fallbacks Protocol, which ISDA is expected to publish soon.

    October 16, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Sets Out Roadmap for Transition to Alternative Reference Rates

    FSB published a global transition roadmap for London Inter-bank Offered Rate (LIBOR).

    October 16, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HM Treasury Publishes Response to Proposal on BRRD2 Transposition

    HM Treasury published a document that summarizes the responses received from a consultation on the approach of UK to transposition of the revised Bank Resolution and Recovery Directive (BRRD2).

    October 15, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HM Treasury Publishes Response to Proposal on CRD5 Transposition

    HM Treasury published the government response to the feedback received on the consultation for updating the prudential regime of UK before the end of the Brexit transition period.

    October 15, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BoE Publishes Reporting Schedule for Statistical Returns

    In a recent statistical notice, BoE announced publication of the reporting schedule for statistical returns for 2021.

    October 15, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EC Welcomes Declaration by Member States on EU Cloud Federation

    EC welcomed the joint declaration by 25 EU member states on building the next generation of cloud in Europe.

    October 15, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    PRA Updates Supervisory Statement on Counterparty Credit Risk

    PRA published the final policy statement PS22/20, which contains the updated supervisory statement SS12/13 on counterparty credit risk.

    October 14, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Publishes Update on Work to Address Market Fragmentation

    FSB published an update on its work to address market fragmentation. FSB is working in this area in collaboration with the other standard-setting bodies.

    October 14, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Proposes to Revise Guidelines on Incident Reporting Under PSD2

    EBA proposed revisions to the guidelines on major incident reporting under the second Payment Service Directive (PSD2).

    October 14, 2020 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 5967