IMF Paper Outlines Lessons from Management of Systemic Banking Crises
IMF published a policy paper that summarizes the general principles, strategies, and techniques for preparing for and managing systemic banking crises. The principles and techniques are based on the views and experience of the IMF staff and consider developments since the global financial crisis. The paper covers only two parts of the full reform agenda since the crisis—one on key elements of a legal and operational framework for crisis preparedness and the other on operational strategies and techniques to manage systemic crises if they occur.
The paper summarizes the relevant lessons learned during the global financial crisis and other recent episodes of financial distress. Part I of the paper covers on crisis preparedness and outlines the design and operational features of a well-designed financial safety net. It discusses how staff advice on these issues has evolved, drawing from the international standards and good practices that emerged in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Effective financial safety nets play an important role in minimizing the risk of system wide financial distress—by increasing the likelihood that failing financial institutions can be resolved without triggering financial instability. However, they cannot eliminate that risk, particularly during times of severe stress. Part II of the paper covers crisis management and discusses aspects of the policy response to a full-blown banking crisis. It details the evolution of IMF advice in light of what worked well—or less well—during the global financial crisis, reflecting the experience of IMF staff in actual crisis situations. The narrative is organized around policies for dealing with the three distinct aspects of systemic banking crisis—containment, restructuring and resolution, and dealing with distressed assets.
Although much has been achieved since the crisis, strengthening the capacities of countries to prepare for and manage systemic banking crises remains a work in progress. Recent experience with bank failures in low-income countries reveals continuing weaknesses in the financial safety net, including the absence of options to resolve banks without resorting to public bail-outs, weak protections to small depositors, and inadequate arrangements on the provision of central bank liquidity to banks at times of stress. Reforms are underway in some countries, which is encouraging. It will require considerable political will and effort to make further progress and build capacity. IMF staff will continue to promote the adoption of financial sector standards and good international practices on the design and operation of the financial safety net in its engagement with IMF members. Staff will also continue to participate in various work streams of international standard-setting bodies, such as the FSB, to foster implementation of agreed reforms.
Enhancing resolvability of systemic banks—at the global, regional, and domestic level—is a key priority. In addition, new resolution frameworks are yet to be fully tested in practice, particularly in a cross-border failure, and significant challenges remain in making systemic banks resolvable, including to:
- Give cross-border effect to foreign resolution powers and removing impediments to cross-border cooperation (for example, national depositor preference)
- Adequately resource independent resolution authorities to develop recovery and resolution planning with powers to remove impediments to resolvability, including requiring changes to group structures and business operations
- Ensuring that sufficient (quality and quantity if) loss-absorbing capacity, or LAC, is issued from the appropriate group entities to make resolution plans feasible, including across borders, requiring close coordination between home and host jurisdictions on “internal LAC” committed to material subsidiaries in other jurisdictions.
Related Link: Policy Paper
Keywords: International, Banking, Systemic Risk, Research, Resolution Framework, TLAC, Crisis Management Framework, IMF
Skilled market researcher; growth strategist; successful go-to-market campaign developer
Across 35 years in banking, Blake has gained deep insights into the inner working of this sector. Over the last two decades, Blake has been an Operating Committee member, leading teams and executing strategies in Credit and Enterprise Risk as well as Line of Business. His focus over this time has been primarily Commercial/Corporate with particular emphasis on CRE. Blake has spent most of his career with large and mid-size banks. Blake joined Moody’s Analytics in 2021 after leading the transformation of the credit approval and reporting process at a $25 billion bank.
Works with financial institutions, regulatory experts, business analysts, product managers, and software engineers to drive regulatory solutions across the globe.
Previous ArticleSARB Announces Regulatory Relief Measures Amid COVID-19 Outbreak
Next ArticleESRB Publishes Report on Systemic Cyberattacks
BOE Sets Out Its Thinking on Regulatory Capital and Climate Risks
The Bank of England (BOE) published a working paper that aims to understand the climate-related disclosures of UK financial institutions.
OSFI Finalizes on Climate Risk Guideline, Issues Other Updates
The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) is seeking comments, until May 31, 2023, on the draft guideline on culture and behavior risk, with final guideline expected by the end of 2023.
BIS Paper Examines Impact of Greenhouse Gas Emissions on Lending
BIS issued a paper that investigates the effect of the greenhouse gas, or GHG, emissions of firms on bank loans using bank–firm matched data of Japanese listed firms from 2006 to 2018.
HMT Mulls Alignment of Ring-Fencing and Resolution Regimes for Banks
The HM Treasury (HMT) is seeking evidence, until May 07, 2023, on practicalities of aligning the ring-fencing and the banking resolution regimes for banks.
BCBS Report Examines Impact of Basel III Framework for Banks
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) published results of the Basel III monitoring exercise based on the June 30, 2022 data.
PRA Consults on Prudential Rules for "Simpler-Regime" Firms
Among the recent regulatory updates from UK authorities, a key development is the first-phase consultation, from the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA), on simplifications to the prudential framework that would apply to the simpler-regime firms.
DNB Publishes Multiple Reporting Updates for Banks
DNB, the central bank of Netherlands, updated the list of additional reporting requests and published additional data quality checks and XBRL-Formula linkbase documents for the first quarter of 2023.
NBB Sets Out Climate Risk Expectations, Issues Reporting Updates
The National Bank of Belgium (NBB) published a communication on climate-related and environmental risks, issued an update on XBRL reporting
EBA Updates Address Securitization Standards and DGS Guidelines
The European Banking Authority (EBA) published the final draft of the regulatory technical standards that set out conditions for assessment of homogeneity of the underlying exposures in simple, transparent, and standardized (STS) securitizations.
FSB Publishes Letter to G20, Sets Out Work Priorities for 2023
The Financial Stability Board (FSB) published a letter intended for the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, highlighting the work that FSB will take forward under the Indian G20 Presidency in 2023