Featured Product

    BoE Proposes Stress Testing Exercise for Climate Change Risks

    December 18, 2019

    BoE published a discussion paper that sets out the proposed framework for the 2021 Biennial Exploratory Scenario, or BES, exercise. The exercise will test the resilience of business models of the largest banks, insurers, and the financial system to climate-related risks and, therefore, the scale of adjustment that will need to be undertaken in coming decades for the system to remain resilient. BoE is consulting on the design of the exercise and welcomes feedback on the feasibility and the robustness of these proposals from firms, their counterparties, climate scientists, economists, and other industry experts by March 18, 2020. The final framework will be published in the second half of 2020 while the results of the exercise will be published in 2021.

    The exercise will use exploratory scenarios to size the future risks and to explore how firms might respond to the materialization of these risks, rather than testing the capital adequacy of firms. The following are the key features of the Biennial Exploratory Scenario exercise:

    • Multiple Scenarios that cover climate as well as macro-variables—To test the resilience of the financial system in UK against the physical and transition risks in three distinct climate scenarios. These cover taking early, late, and no additional policy action to meet global climate goals.
    • Broader participation—Both banks and insurers are exposed to climate-related risks and the action of one will spill over to affect the other. For insurers, this exercise builds on the scenarios developed for this year’s insurance stress test.
    • Longer time horizon—This exercise will use a thirty-year modeling horizon. This is because climate change, and the policies to mitigate it, will occur over a much longer timeframe than the normal horizon for stress testing. To make these scenarios credible and tractable, BoE proposes that the Biennial Exploratory Scenario examine firms’ resilience using fixed balance sheets, focusing on sizing the risks and the scale of business model adjustment required to respond to these risks, rather than testing the adequacy of firms’ capital to absorb those risks.
    • Counterparty-level modeling—A bottom-up, granular analysis of counterparties’ business models split by geographies and sectors is proposed to accurately capture the exposure to climate-related risks. 
    • Output—BoE will disclose aggregate results of the resilience of the financial sector resilience to climate-related risk rather than individual firms.

    The discussion paper outlines the key features of the 2021 Biennial Exploratory Scenario, including participation, nature of the scenarios, modeling horizon, and the reporting frequency. Participants would submit projections at every five-year point in the test horizon, a lower frequency than in traditional stress tests. This allows firms to model long-term climate-related risks in a proportionate way. The paper further describes the scenario narratives, details the scenario specification, and sets out the modeling approaches. Next, the paper sets out the approach to submissions of participants. This includes the reporting of risk exposures as well as the management actions participants may take within the scenario. To facilitate feedback on specific elements of the scenario design, there are targeted questions at the end of each chapter of the discussion paper. Full list of the discussion questions can be found in Annex 1 of the paper. Annex 2 provides some indicative sources of data, methodologies, and research that BoE will use to specify the scenarios and that may prove useful to participants in undertaking granular financial analysis.

     

    Related Links

    Comment Due Date: March 18, 2020

    Keywords: Europe, UK, Banking, Insurance, Stress Testing, Biennial Exploratory Scenario Exercise, Proportionality, Reporting, Climate Change Risk, BoE

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles
    News

    ESAs Issue Multiple Regulatory Updates for Financial Sector Entities

    The three European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) issued a letter to inform about delay in the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) mandate, along with a Call for Evidence on greenwashing practices.

    November 15, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB and NGFS Publish Initial Findings from Climate Scenario Analyses

    The Financial Stability Board (FSB) and the Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) published a joint report that outlines the initial findings from climate scenario analyses undertaken by financial authorities to assess climate-related financial risks.

    November 15, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Issues Reports on NBFI and Liquidity in Government Bonds

    The Financial Stability Board (FSB) published a letter intended for the G20 leaders, highlighting the work that it will undertake under the Indian G20 Presidency in 2023 to strengthen resilience of the financial system.

    November 14, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ISSB Makes Announcements at COP27; IASB to Propose IFRS 9 Amendments

    The International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) of the IFRS Foundations made several announcements at COP27 and with respect to its work on the sustainability standards.

    November 10, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    IOSCO Prioritizes Green Disclosures, Greenwashing, and Carbon Markets

    The International Organization for Securities Commissions (IOSCO), at COP27, outlined the regulatory priorities for sustainability disclosures, mitigation of greenwashing, and promotion of integrity in carbon markets.

    November 09, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Finalizes Methodology for Stress Tests, Issues Other Updates

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) issued a statement in the context of COP27, clarified the operationalization of intermediate EU parent undertakings (IPUs) of third-country groups

    November 09, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EU Finalizes Rules Under Crowdfunding Service Providers Regulation

    The European Union has finalized and published, in the Official Journal of the European Union, a set of 13 Delegated and Implementing Regulations applicable to the European crowdfunding service providers.

    November 08, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    OSFI Sets Out Work Priorities and Reporting Updates for Banks

    The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) published an annual report on its activities, a report on forward-looking work.

    November 07, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    APRA Finalizes Changes to Capital Framework, Issues Other Updates

    The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) finalized amendments to the capital framework, announced a review of the prudential framework for groups.

    November 03, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BIS Hub and Central Banks Conduct CBDC and DeFI Pilots

    The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Innovation Hubs and several central banks are working together on various central bank digital currency (CBDC) pilots.

    November 03, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 8596