Featured Product

    ESRB Report on Prevention and Management of Corporate Insolvencies

    April 28, 2021

    ESRB published a report that reviews the risks to economic and financial stability of a potential large wave of insolvencies and the possibilities for mitigating these risks. The report also discusses how a steep rise in insolvencies could be prevented and how insolvency frameworks can mitigate the disruptive impact of a large number of simultaneous corporate insolvencies, notably through the swift identification of fundamentally viable firms and their restructuring. The report also suggests that, as current support measures are withdrawn, governments should have strategies in place to address solvency issues, enabling fundamentally viable companies to thrive again once the COVID-19 pandemic is over.

    The report highlights that the longer non-financial corporations have to rely on liquidity support measures such as debt moratoria, loan guarantees, and public loans, the greater their solvency problems might become as their debt accumulates. In most member states, corporate debt levels have already risen by several percentage points relative to the pre-COVID GDP levels. This debt overhang increases the risk of a large wave of insolvencies and a protracted, slow recovery. The policy mix, therefore, needs to evolve from addressing immediate liquidity needs toward providing more solvency support to viable firms. The shift from liquidity to solvency support implies higher costs to public budgets. Solvency support measures, therefore, need to be more targeted than liquidity support measures, through focus on the hardest-hit sectors and use of stricter eligibility criteria, subject to State aid controls. According to the report, governments now have to strengthen their additional lines of defense against the destabilizing impact of insolvencies.

    The first priority for member states must be to create the right conditions for successful debt restructuring. Through public loans and loan guarantee schemes, the public sector has acquired a significantly larger stake in the non-financial corporate sector than it had before the pandemic. Successful debt restructuring for the large number of firms that benefited from such schemes is likely to be key to sound public finances in the medium term. Recent changes to the Temporary State Aid Framework of EC allow governments to convert public loans and guarantees into grants (up to a certain ceiling) to help companies weather the COVID-19 crisis. Governments can use such measures to contribute to debt restructuring while providing restructuring incentives to private creditors and banks, to put viable businesses on a sound financial footing for the recovery phase by harnessing the expertise of the financial sector in assessing business viability.

    To avoid moral hazard, it is important to ensure that the interests of public authorities and banks are aligned when debt is restructured, to put companies on a sound financial footing for the recovery after COVID-19 pandemic. This will require banks to bear some of the restructuring costs and downside risks. Efficient insolvency procedures should be used or, if unavailable, developed for companies that are found to be unviable in the post-COVID economy. By eliminating judicial bottlenecks, assets of businesses that have to be wound up can be reallocated swiftly to more productive uses, thereby contributing to economic recovery and mitigating the impact of non-performing loan ratios on banks’ lending capacity. Cooperation at the EU level should support the efforts of national authorities in tackling the economic and financial stability risks stemming from corporate insolvencies. This should include information sharing on expected insolvency developments and on the development of policies to prevent and deal with insolvencies. ESRB is already committed to monitoring the financial stability implications of fiscal measures to protect the real economy from the COVID-19 pandemic.


    Related Links

    Keywords: Europe, EU, Banking, COVID-19, Credit Risk, Corporate Insolvency, Debt Restructuring, Loan Moratorium, State Aid Rules, NPLs, ESRB

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles

    EBA Proposes Standards for IRRBB Reporting Under Basel Framework

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) proposed implementing technical standards on the interest rate risk in the banking book (IRRBB) reporting requirements, with the comment period ending on May 02, 2023.

    January 31, 2023 WebPage Regulatory News

    FED Issues Further Details on Pilot Climate Scenario Analysis Exercise

    The U.S. Federal Reserve Board (FED) set out details of the pilot climate scenario analysis exercise to be conducted among the six largest U.S. bank holding companies.

    January 17, 2023 WebPage Regulatory News

    US Agencies Issue Several Regulatory and Reporting Updates

    The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FED) adopted the final rule on Adjustable Interest Rate (LIBOR) Act.

    January 04, 2023 WebPage Regulatory News

    ECB Issues Multiple Reports and Regulatory Updates for Banks

    The European Central Bank (ECB) published an updated list of supervised entities, a report on the supervision of less significant institutions (LSIs), a statement on macro-prudential policy.

    January 01, 2023 WebPage Regulatory News

    HKMA Keeps List of D-SIBs Unchanged, Makes Other Announcements

    The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) published a circular on the prudential treatment of crypto-asset exposures, an update on the status of transition to new interest rate benchmarks.

    December 30, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    EU Issues FAQs on Taxonomy Regulation, Rules Under CRD, FICOD and SFDR

    The European Commission (EC) adopted the standards addressing supervisory reporting of risk concentrations and intra-group transactions, benchmarking of internal approaches, and authorization of credit institutions.

    December 29, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    CBIRC Revises Measures on Corporate Governance Supervision

    The China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC) issued rules to manage the risk of off-balance sheet business of commercial banks and rules on corporate governance of financial institutions.

    December 29, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    HKMA Publications Address Sustainability Issues in Financial Sector

    The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) made announcements to address sustainability issues in the financial sector.

    December 23, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    EBA Updates Address Basel and NPL Requirements for Banks

    The European Banking Authority (EBA) published regulatory standards on identification of a group of connected clients (GCC) as well as updated the lists of identified financial conglomerates.

    December 22, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News

    ESMA Publishes 2022 ESEF XBRL Taxonomy and Conformance Suite

    The General Board of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), at its December meeting, issued an updated risk assessment via the quarterly risk dashboard and held discussions on key policy priorities to address the systemic risks in the European Union.

    December 22, 2022 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 8699