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    BCB Announces Measures to Minimize Impact of COVID-19 Crisis

    April 14, 2020

    BCB announced a measure to temporarily reduce the capital requirement for credit operations aimed at small and medium-size companies. Additionally, the National Monetary Council (CMN) enabled financial institutions to maintain renegotiated operations in the risk classification they were in February 2020, before the crisis worsened, reducing the need for a provision for losses. These measures are intended to support the maintenance of the supply of credit and minimize the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the economy.

    Reduced capital requirements 

    BCB reduced the capital requirement for credit operations for small and medium-size companies. With this change, the Risk Weighting Factor (FPR) applicable to credit operations with small and medium-size companies reduces from 100% to 85%. The change will be applied only to the new credit operations or restructured operations with benefit to the borrower and will be limited to the period from March 16, 2020 to December 31, 2020. After December 31, 2020, new operations will receive the previous treatment; however, operations entered into or restructured during this limited period will remain with the same capital requirement.

    Reclassification of loans

    CMN allowed financial institutions to reclassify renegotiated operations from March 01 to September 30, 2020 to the risk level they were rated in February 2020. The objective of the measure, which is effective immediately, is to avoid an increase in the volume of provision for losses related to credits renegotiated with economically viable companies. The increase in the provision impacts the supply of credit and, consequently, consumption and income, which further aggravates the economic and financial effects resulting from the fight against COVID-19. This is because provisioning expenses reduce the reference equity necessary to face the risk of the operations undertaken, thus limiting the ability of an institution to take on new risks and, consequently, grant new loans. The measure does not apply to those with a delay of 15 days or more on February 29, 2020 as well as operations with evidence that the counterparty will not be able to honor the obligation under the conditions agreed upon in the renegotiation.

     

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    Keywords: Americas, Brazil, Banking, COVID-19, Reclassification of Loans, SME, CMN, Regulatory Capital, Credit Risk, BCB

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