ECB published Issue 8 of the Macroprudential Bulletin, which provides insight into the ongoing work of ECB in the field of macro-prudential policy. ECB also published the statement of the Vice-President Luis de Guindos on the bulletin. This issue focuses on the development of the sectoral macro-prudential framework as well as on the impact of countercyclical capital requirements on bank lending and the broader economy. This bulletin includes three articles on key macro-prudential topics: the macroeconomic impact of changes in economic bank capital buffers, the importance of reciprocity arrangements for the use of sectoral capital buffers, and the specific features of the countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) and its sectoral application (SCCyB).
Specific features of CCyB and SCCyB. This article discusses the advantages and shortcomings of the sectoral application of CCyB for addressing sectoral systemic risks. The article explores and compares the effectiveness of the CCyB and SCCyB in enhancing banks’ resilience and curbing credit cycles, using a calibrated dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model for the euro area. Results show that if risks are confined to a particular credit sector, a SCCyB could prove more effective than the CCyB in strengthening bank resilience to the target sector and in mitigating sectoral credit imbalances.
Importance of reciprocity arrangements for the use of sectoral capital buffers. This article explores the relevance of sectoral cross-border credit provided via foreign branches or direct cross-border lending in the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) area. The cross-border recognition of these exposures through mandatory reciprocity arrangements may prove significant in an integrated financial system to level the playing field for domestic and foreign banks. This is important because financial services provided via foreign branches or direct cross-border exposures would otherwise not be subject to a macro-prudential measure taken in a host member state. The results of analysis support the introduction of mandatory reciprocity arrangements for sectoral capital buffers where exposures are material, in an effort to foster the effectiveness of macro-prudential policies.
Macroeconomic impact of changes in economic bank capital buffers. This article estimates the impact of countercyclical bank capital requirements on bank lending and the economy. Due to the limited use of CCyB, estimations are based on target economic capital ratio, which is the capital ratio that a bank would like to hold considering its own characteristics and macroeconomic conditions. The assumption is that the effects of changes in target ratios are similar to the effects of changes in CCyB. Results show that a sudden decline in economic capital buffers, such as one arising from an increase in the target capital ratio, leads to a modest decline in output and prices and to a larger decline in bank lending growth, suggesting that countercyclical capital-based macro-prudential policy measures can be useful to dampen the financial cycle.
Keywords: Europe, EU, Banking, Macroprudential Bulletin, CCyB, Macro-Prudential Policy, SCCyB, Capital Buffers, Sectoral CCyB, ECB
Previous ArticleBCBS Issues Sixteenth Progress Report on Adoption of Basel Framework
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FED) published the final rule that amends Regulation I to reduce the quarterly reporting burden for member banks by automating the application process for adjusting their subscriptions to the Federal Reserve Bank capital stock, except in the context of mergers.
The European Banking Authority (EBA) published its assessment of risks through the quarterly Risk Dashboard and the results of the Autumn edition of the Risk Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ).
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) published a circular, along with the reporting form and instructions, for self-assessment, by authorized institutions, of compliance with the Code of Banking Practice 2021.
The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) decided to register European DataWarehouse Ltd and SecRep Limited as securitization repositories under the UK Securitization Regulation, with effect from January 17, 2022.
The European Commission (EC) published the Delegated Regulation 2022/25, which supplements the Investment Firms Regulation (IFR or Regulation 2019/2033) with respect to the regulatory technical standards specifying the methods for measuring the K-factors referred to in Article 15 of the IFR.
The Bank of International Settlements (BIS) published a paper that assesses the ways in which platform-based business models can affect financial inclusion, competition, financial stability and consumer protection.
The European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) published the list of identified financial conglomerates for 2021.
The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) updated the list of authorized deposit-taking institutions, granting license to Barclays Bank PLC and Crédit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank to operate as foreign authorized deposit-taking institutions under the Banking Act 1959.
EU published, in the Official Journal of the European Union, a corrigendum to the Delegated Regulation 2015/35, which supplements Solvency II Directive (2009/138/EC).
The European Banking Authority (EBA) published an Opinion on the scale and impact of de-risking in European Union and the steps that competent authorities should take to tackle unwarranted de-risking.