Featured Product

    David Hardoon of MAS Examines Fintech as Solution for Risk Management

    May 15, 2019

    During the opening address at the Asia-Pacific Risk Management Council Q2 Meeting, Dr. David Hardoon, the Chief Data Officer of MAS, remarked on whether fintech and digital innovations could provide an ultimate solution for risk management. He also briefly elaborated on the three key risks—cyber-security, data privacy and protection, and unfair discrimination while using artificial intelligence—and the work being done at MAS to address these risks. He highlighted that MAS has employed greater use of data analytics for risk detection, has partnered with the industry to develop a set of principles to encourage responsible use of technologies, and has developed an Augmented Intelligence tool that automates the computation of key metrics for trade analysis.

    Mr. Hardoon highlighted that cyber risk remains a key risk that MAS and financial institutions in Singapore are closely monitoring. Given the highly interconnected financial system, borderless nature, and increasing complexity of cyber-attacks, it takes a concerted effort and close collaboration among stakeholders in the ecosystem to manage the risks and maintain cyber resilience. Apart from the planned issuance of a new MAS Notice on cyber hygiene requirements, MAS has recently consulted on proposed revisions to the Technology Risk Management Guidelines and Business Continuity Management Guidelines, which will serve to help financial institutions better manage cyber risk. Besides these regulatory efforts, MAS has also been taking a collaborative approach by partnering the industry to conduct cyber exercises, share cyber threat intelligence, and establish industry standards and guidance to promote cyber resilience.

    Regarding the risk of unfair discrimination, he added that increasing use of artificial intelligence) has given rise to the risk of “black boxes” in decision-making. Financial institutions are struggling to validate artificial-intelligence-based models that use continuous learning and adaptation as distinct from fixed parameters and historical back-testing. Regulators have started to detect cases where artificial-intelligence-based decision-making has led to systematic exclusion of certain demographics. When an artificial intelligence tool finds an empirical basis for discriminating by a combination of variables such as gender, ethnicity, religion, and nationality, say for a loan or insurance decision, the concern is how much of that empiricism is grounded in reality and how much of it is due to unobserved biases in society that the artificial intelligence is learning from. He suggested that encouraging safe, fair, and trustworthy innovation also means that ethical and responsible use of technology by every ecosystem player is key.

    In the area of artificial intelligence and data analytics, MAS has partnered with the industry to develop a set of principles to encourage responsible use of these technologies. These are known as the Fairness, Ethics, Accountability and Transparency (FEAT) principles. As financial institutions increasingly adopt technology to support business strategies and in risk management, the FEAT principles are intended to provide guidance on internal governance around data management and use of these technologies. Earlier this year, the InfoComm Media Development Authority (IMDA) also released Singapore’s Model Artificial Intelligence Governance Framework. This Model Framework is the first in Asia to provide detailed and readily implementable guidance to private-sector organizations to address key ethical and governance issues when deploying artificial intelligence solutions. This is another set of best practices that can be considered. 

    Finally, while discussing whether digital innovations have the potential to provide an ultimate solution for risk management, he described the work of MAS in the areas of artificial intelligence, data analytics, and risk detection. In the area of artificial intelligence and data analytics, the use of these technologies can assist in risk monitoring and management in various areas, such as anti-money laundering, fraud detection, internal compliance, and business or market risks. MAS has employed greater use of data analytics for risk detection and targeting, using suspicious transaction reports and other data sets. This has enabled MAS to identify suspicious fund flow networks more effectively and focus supervisory attention on networks of higher risk accounts, entities, or activities. MAS also developed Project Apollo, an Augmented Intelligence tool that automates the computation of key metrics for trade analysis and predicts the likelihood that an expert will opine that market manipulation has occurred. The use of this technology helps improve detection of market abuse. These are just a few examples of technology that the industry can also adopt to unlock insights—whether to sharpen the surveillance of risks or to transform the way work is done, opined Mr. Hardoon.

     

    Keywords: Asia Pacific, Singapore, Banking, Securities, Regtech, Fintech, Artificial Intelligence, FEAT Principles, AI Governance Framework, MAS

    Related Articles
    News

    HKMA Sets Out Regulatory Treatment for Personal Loan Guarantee Scheme

    HKMA has published a circular that sets out the regulatory and reporting treatment for loans that participating authorized institutions may grant to eligible borrowers under the 100% Personal Loan Guarantee Scheme.

    April 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECB Completes Targeted Review of Internal Models of Banks

    ECB published the results of the assessment of internal models that banks use to calculate risk-weighted assets for credit, market, and counterparty credit risks.

    April 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    PRA on Regulatory Treatment of Loans Under Mortgage Guarantee Scheme

    PRA published a statement on the regulatory treatment of retail residential mortgage loans under the Mortgage Guarantee Scheme, or MGS.

    April 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FCA Consults on Rules and Reporting Forms for Investment Firms Regime

    FCA is consulting, via CP21/7, on the second phase of proposed rules to introduce the UK Investment Firm Prudential Regime (IFPR).

    April 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    HMT and BoE Decide to Explore Central Bank Digital Currency in UK

    HM Treasury and BoE announced the joint creation of a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) Taskforce to coordinate the exploration of a potential central bank digital currency in UK.

    April 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EIOPA Sets Out Expectations on Use of Climate Risk Scenarios in ORSA

    EIOPA published an opinion to set out its expectations on the supervision of the integration of climate change risk scenarios by insurers in their Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (ORSA).

    April 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    Bundesbank Updates AnaCredit Reporting Requirements

    Bundesbank published two circulars on AnaCredit reporting requirements. Circular 27/2021 covers changes to the reporting of branches, additional attributes to be reported for investment funds from August 01, 2021, and updates to the list of international organizations.

    April 16, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EC Sets Out Standards for MREL Reporting by Competent Authorities

    EC published the Implementing Regulation 2021/622 that lays down implementing technical standards for reporting of the minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities (MREL).

    April 16, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BCBS to Advance Work on Suptech, Climate Risk, and Basel Monitoring

    BCBS has set out the strategic work priorities, as part of its the work program for 2021-22.

    April 16, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    PRA Finalizes Supervisory Approach for Non-Systemic Banks in UK

    PRA published the policy statement PS8/21, which contains the final supervisory statement SS3/21 on the PRA approach to supervision of the new and growing non-systemic banks in UK.

    April 15, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 6874