EC welcomed the political agreement reached by European Parliament and EU member states to ensure a more robust and effective supervision of central counterparties (CCPs) offering services in EU. The Presidency and the Parliament reached a provisional agreement on how EU and third-country clearing houses should be supervised in the future, considering the effects of Brexit on the European financial system. The new rules will be implemented through a revision of European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) and a revision of the statute of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and ECB.
The reform is intended to strengthen CCP considering the growing size, complexity, and cross-border dimension of clearing in Europe. The agreed text establishes a CCP supervisory committee in ESMA; the committee will be composed of an independent Chair, competent authorities of member states with an authorized CCP, and two independent members. The text also strengthens the existing system for recognizing and supervising third-country clearing houses. It introduces a "two tier" system differentiating between non-systemically important CCPs and systemically important CCPs. To be recognized and authorized to operate in the EU, the tier 2 CCPs would be subject to stricter rules, including the following:
- Compliance with the necessary prudential requirements for EU-CCPs while taking into account third-country rules
- Confirmation from the relevant EU central banks that the CCP complies with any additional requirements set by those central banks
- Agreement of a CCP to provide ESMA with all relevant information and to enable on-site inspections, in addition to the necessary safeguards confirming that such arrangements are valid in the third country
On the basis of a fully reasoned assessment, ESMA would also be able to recommend that a CCP or some of its clearing services are of such substantial systemic importance that the CCP should not be recognized. EC could decide, as a measure of last resort, that CCP will need to establish itself in EU. At present, 16 CCPs are established and authorized in the EU. Additional 32 third-country CCPs have been recognized under the equivalence provisions of EMIR, allowing these CCPs to offer services in EU. Following Brexit, three CCPs based in UK will de facto become third-country CCPs. Further technical work will follow this political agreement before the European Parliament and the Council can formally adopt the final text.
- Press Release by EC
- Press Release by European Council
- Text on EMIR Review (PDF)
- Text on Revision of ECB Statute (PDF)
Keywords: Europe, EU, Banking, Securities, CCPs, EMIR, Brexit, Tier 2 CCPs, Systemic Risk, European Parliament, European Council, ESMA, ECB, EC
Previous ArticleDNB Publishes Data Quality Checks for Bank Reporting
PRA, via the consultation paper CP12/20, proposed changes to its rules, supervisory statements, and statements of policy to implement certain elements of the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD5).
EIOPA published the financial stability report that provides detailed quantitative and qualitative assessment of the key risks identified for the insurance and occupational pensions sectors in the European Economic Area.
EBA published its risk dashboard for the first quarter of 2020 together with the results of the risk assessment questionnaire.
EBA announced that the next stress testing exercise is expected to be launched at the end of January 2021 and its results are to be published at the end of July 2021.
PRA published the consultation paper CP11/20 that sets out its expectations and guidance related to auditors’ work on the matching adjustment under Solvency II.
MAS published a statement guidance on dividend distribution by banks.
APRA updated its capital management guidance for banks, particularly easing restrictions around paying dividends as institutions continue to manage the disruption caused by COVID-19 pandemic.
FSB published a report that reviews the progress on data collection for macro-prudential analysis and the availability and use of macro-prudential tools in Germany.
EBA issued a statement reminding financial institutions that the transition period between EU and UK will expire on December 31, 2020; this will end the possibility for the UK-based financial institutions to offer financial services to EU customers on a cross-border basis via passporting.
SRB published guidance on operational continuity in resolution and financial market infrastructure (FMI) contingency plans.