ESRB published an opinion, along with an assessment note, regarding the DNB notification about the intention to impose a stricter national measure on institutions, based on Article 458 of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). The proposed measure is intended for credit institutions that use the internal ratings-based (IRB) approach to calculate regulatory capital. DNB is proposing to impose a minimum average risk-weight for IRB banks’ portfolio of exposures to natural persons secured by mortgages on residential property located in the Netherlands. Loans covered by the National Mortgage Guarantee scheme will be exempt from the measure.
DNB had notified ESRB, on January 08, 2020, about its intention to adopt this stricter national measure. Dutch banks are heavily exposed to high loan-to-value (LTV) loans, which pose significant systemic credit risk. High LTV loans are more likely to have negative equity following a contraction in the housing market. The proposed measure reflects this negative externality, as the additional capital to be held for mortgage exposures will increase with the share of high LTV loans. The calibration of the measure is intended to increase the average risk-weights of IRB banks by 3 to 4 percentage points (from 11% to between 14% and 15%), resulting in a EUR 3 billion increase in the total amount of required capital.
ESRB highlights that the aim of the proposed measure is to mitigate an increase in systemic risk with respect to developments in the housing market. Micro-prudential supervision can contain, but not completely remove, concerns about low risk-weights during a macroeconomic expansion. The aim of micro-prudential supervision regarding internal models is to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements and the reduction of inconsistencies and unwarranted variability of risk-weights across institutions, rather than to target specific (minimum) levels of risk-weights required for macro-prudential reasons. ESRB believes that the vulnerabilities stemming from the residential real estate market, notably those of a systemic nature, have not been fully reflected in the application of risk-weights for mortgage loans in the Netherlands. Therefore, the proposed measure, which imposes a floor on risk-weights linked to LTV ratios, contributes to increase the resilience of Dutch banks to a possible materialization of systemic risk in the real estate market. Therefore, ESRB is of the view that the measure should be supported.
Keywords: Europe, EU, Netherlands, Banking, CRR, IRB, Systemic Risk, Internal Ratings Based, LTV, Residential Real Estate, Regulatory Capital, DNB, ESRB
Previous ArticleBDE Updates Reporting Instructions for Banks in June 2020
APRA updated the lists of the Direct to APRA (D2A) validation and derivation rules for authorized deposit-taking institutions, insurers, and superannuation entities.
EC adopted a package that includes the digital finance and retail payments strategies and the legislative proposals for regulatory frameworks on crypto-assets and digital operational resilience.
ECB published an opinion (CON/2020/22) on proposals for regulations amending the securitization framework of EU, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
FCA is consulting on its approach to the authorization and supervision of international firms operating in UK.
MAS published amendments to Notice 637 on the risk-based capital adequacy requirements for reporting banks incorporated in Singapore.
FCA announced that it will move firms to RegData from Gabriel in the coming months in stages, based on the reporting requirements of firms.
ISDA issued a letter to regulators to flag that it now expects the supplement to the 2006 ISDA Definitions and the Interbank Offered Rate (IBOR) Fallbacks Protocol to be effective around mid- to late-January 2021.
APRA has concluded its review of the comprehensive plans of authorized deposit-taking institutions for the assessment and management of loans with repayment deferrals.
ESAs (EBA, EIOPA, and ESMA) published the first joint report that assesses risks in the financial sector since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
BoE and HM Treasury confirmed that the COVID Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) will close for new purchases of commercial paper, with effect from March 23, 2021.