General Information & Client Service
  • Americas: +1.212.553.1653
  • Asia: +852.3551.3077
  • China: +86.10.6319.6580
  • EMEA: +44.20.7772.5454
  • Japan: +81.3.5408.4100
Media Relations
  • New York: +1.212.553.0376
  • London: +44.20.7772.5456
  • Hong Kong: +852.3758.1350
  • Tokyo: +813.5408.4110
  • Sydney: +61.2.9270.8141
  • Mexico City: +001.888.779.5833
  • Buenos Aires: +0800.666.3506
  • São Paulo: +0800.891.2518
June 23, 2017

The FED Governor Jerome H. Powell spoke at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Symposium on Central Clearing in Chicago, Illinois. During his speech, he took stock of the progress made in strengthening the central counterparties (CCPs) post crisis and offered insights on the central clearing and liquidity risks.

Mr. Powell highlighted the importance of central clearing in addressing the weaknesses exposed by the recent global financial crisis and discussed the recent accomplishments in this area. He discussed the extensive work done to come out with and implement the Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures (PFMI), which were published by the CPMI and IOSCO in 2012. He added that CPMI and IOSCO will soon publish a more granular guidance on CCP resilience, focusing on governance, stress testing credit and liquidity risk, margin, and recovery planning. While this guidance will not establish new standards beyond those set out in the PFMI, it will encourage CCPs and their regulators to engage in thoughtful dialog on how they could further enhance their practices. The FED is also considering certain steps. First, it is developing an interpretation of its rules in connection with the movement of some centrally cleared derivatives to a "settled-to-market" approach. Under this approach, daily variation margin is treated as a settlement payment rather than as posting collateral. Under the FED’s capital rules, this approach reduces the need for a bank to hold capital against these exposures under risk-based and supplementary leverage ratios. Second, it is working to move from the "current exposure method" of assessing counterparty credit risk on derivative exposures to the standardized approach for counterparty credit risk (SA-CCR). The current exposure method generally treats potential future credit exposures on derivatives as a fixed percentage of the notional amount, which ignores whether a derivative is margined and undervalues netting benefits. SA-CCR is a more risk-sensitive measurement of exposure, which would appropriately recognize the counterparty risks on derivatives, including the lower risks on most centrally cleared derivatives.
 
He then focused on liquidity risks faced by CCPs. “I will look at these risks from two perspectives, first in terms of the payments that CCPs must make and then in terms of the payments they expect to receive,” said the FED Governor. He added, “As regulators, we should encourage innovations that increase clearing efficiency and reduce liquidity risks where they meet the PFMI and our supervisory expectations.” He addressed four policy issues that need careful consideration as the public sector and market participants continue to address liquidity risks in central clearing. The issues were stress testing CCPs, ensuring efficiency, central bank accounts for designated financial market utilities (DFMUs), and cross-border cooperation in this area. He highlighted that the lessons from Brexit point to the need for cross-border cooperation. Brexit triggered payments flows to CCPs across many jurisdictions. As far as liquidity risks are concerned, it is immaterial whether a CCP is based in the United States or abroad as long as it clears U.S. dollar denominated assets and must make and receive U.S. dollar payments. There are different possible approaches to such cross-border issues. Efforts to address these liquidity risks should carefully take into consideration the effect that they would have on the broader financial system. 
 
While discussing the issue of supervisory stress testing of CCPs, he welcomed the progress of authorities in both the United States and Europe. In the United States, the CFTC conducted a useful set of tests of five major CCPs last year. In Europe, ESMA is already expanding its supervisory stress testing exercise to incorporate liquidity risk. A similar exercise in the United States should be seriously considered, said the FED Governor. He also discussed the importance of allowing DFMUs to hold central bank accounts. The Dodd-Frank Act authorized the FED to establish accounts for DFMUs and these accounts permit DFMUs to hold funds at the FED, but not to borrow from it. Allowing DFMUs to deposit balances at the FED helps them avoid some of the risk involved in holding balances with their clearing members. It also provides CCPs with a flexible way to hold balances on days when margin payments unexpectedly spike and it is difficult to find banks that are willing to accept an unexpected influx in deposits. In such a case, it may also be too late in the day to rely on the repo market. The availability of FED accounts could help avoid potential market disruptions in those types of circumstances. The FED Goverrnor concluded by reinforcing that although the regulatory reforms have done much to strengthen both CCPs and their clearing members, we should continue to make progress in creating a more robust and efficient system.

 

Related Link: Speech

Keywords: Americas, USA, FED, CCP, Securities, OTC Derivatives, Credit Risk, Liquidity Risk, SA-CCR

Related Insights
News

BCBS Finds Liquidity Risk Management Principles Remain Fit for Purpose

BCBS completed a review of its 2008 Principles for sound liquidity risk management and supervision. The review confirmed that the principles remain fit for purpose.

January 17, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

HKMA Urges Local Banks to Start Working on FRTB Implementation

HKMA announced that it plans to issue a consultation paper on the new market risk standard in the second quarter of 2019.

January 17, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

EBA Finalizes Guidelines for High-Risk Exposures Under CRR

EBA published the final guidelines on the specification of types of exposures to be associated with high risk under the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). The guidelines are intended to facilitate a higher degree of comparability in terms of the current practices in identifying high-risk exposures.

January 17, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

MAS Guidelines on Risk Mitigation Requirements for OTC Derivatives

MAS published guidelines on risk mitigation requirements for non-centrally cleared over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives contracts.

January 17, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

BoE Publishes the Schedule for Statistical Reporting for 2019

BoE published the updated schedule for statistical reporting for 2019. The reporting institutions use the online statistical data application (OSCA) to submit statistical data to BoE.

January 16, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

PRA Delays Final Direction on Reporting of Private Securitizations

PRA and FCA have delayed the issuance of final direction, including the final template, on reporting of private securitizations, from January 15, 2019 to the end of January 2019.

January 15, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

SNB Updates Forms on Supervisory Reporting for Banks

SNB published Version 1.7 of reporting forms (AUR_U, AUR_UEA, AUR_UES, AURH_U, AUR_K, AUR_KEA, and AURH_K) and the related documentation for supervisory reporting on an individual and consolidated basis.

January 15, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

BCBS Finalizes Market Risk Capital Framework and Work Program for 2019

BCBS published the final framework for market risk capital requirements and its work program for 2019. Also published was an explanatory note to provide a non-technical description of the overall market risk framework, the changes that have been incorporated into in this version of the framework and impact of the framework.

January 14, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

EBA Single Rulebook Q&A: First Update for January 2019

EBA published answers to 13 questions under the Single Rulebook question and answer (Q&A) updates for this week.

January 11, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

PRA Proposes to Amend Supervisory Statement on Credit Risk Mitigation

PRA published the consultation paper CP1/19 that is proposing changes to the supervisory statement (SS17/13) on credit risk mitigation.

January 10, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 2473