U.S. GAO published a report that examines the benefits and challenges presented by innovative use of technology by insurers. The report identifies new uses of technologies and examines potential benefits and challenges of these technologies for insurers, consumers, and regulators. The report also discusses what stakeholders identified as key challenges that could affect the adoption of new technologies and actions taken to address those challenges.
GAO was asked to provide information on insurtech activities in the property and casualty and life insurance sectors. GAO reviewed available literature, analyzed relevant laws and regulations, and conducted interviews with more than 35 stakeholders, including federal and state regulators, technology companies, insurers, and consumer groups. Stakeholders with whom GAO spoke identified challenges that might affect adoption of innovative technologies. Some stakeholders have raised questions about how certain uses of insurtech could create both risks for consumers and challenges for regulators; another concern is that some of the challenges might slow technological innovation in the insurance sector. The identified challenges include paper-based documentation requirements that do not accommodate online insurance transactions and challenges for regulators in the evaluation of complex rating models.
The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), state regulators, and others have initiated a number of actions designed to address industry and regulator concerns associated with insurtech, including any insurance rules and regulations that could affect insurers’ adoption of technologies. Since many of these regulatory initiatives are still in development (or recently developed), their effect on innovation and consumer protection is unknown. It will be important for NAIC and state insurance regulators, as well as the Federal Insurance Office, to continue monitoring developments in these areas. The actions taken by these entities address challenges in areas including evaluation of underwriting methodologies, approvals for new insurance products, customer notification methods and time frames, anti-rebating laws, cyber-security, and regulator skillsets and resources. The following are some examples of the actions that have been initiated:
- State insurance regulators, through an NAIC task force, have been examining regulatory areas that may pose obstacles for innovation, such as requirements for paper documentation or signatures.
- NAIC issued draft best practices for states to use when reviewing complex rating models.
- NAIC adopted a model law that creates a legal framework for states to use to require insurance companies to operate cyber-security programs and protect consumer data.
Specifically, NAIC adopted a model law and states have passed new laws governing cyber-security and data protection to safeguard the increasing amount of personal data used by insurers. In 2017, NAIC had approved the Insurance Data Security Model Law, which outlines planned cyber-security testing, creation of an information security program, and incident response plans for breach notification procedures. The NAIC model law is only a guideline until adopted by individual states, but NAIC noted that in 2018 and 2019, Michigan, Ohio, Mississippi, and Alabama adopted laws based on the NAIC model and additional states have pending legislation.
Keywords: Americas, US, Insurance, Insurtech, Artificial Intelligence, Cyber Risk, Cyber Security, GAO
OSFI proposed revisions to the Basel Capital Adequacy Reporting (BCAR) and leverage requirements returns for the 2023 reporting, with the comment period ending on July 09, 2021.
EBA published a discussion paper on review of the standardized nonperforming loans (NPL) transaction data templates, along with the proposed revised NPL data templates.
Bundesbank updated AnaCredit reporting requirements for banks, with reference to the Notice 8001/2020.
CBUAE has issued a regulation that introduces the licensing and supervision framework for low-risk, specialized banks.
APRA is consulting on CPG 511—the draft Prudential Practice Guide on remuneration for banks, insurers, and superannuation licensees—with the comment period ending on July 23, 2021.
MAS announced a new RegTech grant scheme and an enhancement of the Digital Acceleration Grant (DAG) scheme to accelerate technology adoption in the financial sector.
PRA published a letter that sets out findings from the 2020 Internal Audit Review of the Collections function of a sample of non-systemic banks and building societies.
EIOPA launched a consultation on the Interbank Offered Rate (IBOR) transitions, in context of the EU Benchmarks Regulation.
The Trustees of the IFRS Foundation proposed amendments to the Constitution of the IFRS Foundation to accommodate the potential formation of the new International Sustainability Standards Board within the governance structure of the organization.
BCB amended the resolution that establishes technical requirements and operational procedures for the implementation of open banking in Brazil, with the amended resolution entering into force on its publication date.