Featured Product

    Denis Beau of BDF on Approach to Regulating Financial Technology Firms

    January 30, 2019

    While speaking at the ESSEC, Centre d'excellence, in Paris, Denis Beau of the Bank of France (BDF) focused on the possible impact of fintech and bigtech start-ups on the traditional bank-centric financial intermediation model. He then highlighted some risks that go hand-in-hand with the changes underway and the regulatory and supervisory challenges they raise. Finally, he explained how the Bank of France addresses these risks to strike an appropriate balance between the objective of fostering innovation and the overall efficiency of financial services and the objective of ensuring a secure and level playing field for all suppliers and their customers.

    Mr. Beau highlights that bigtechs, more than fintechs, have the potential to fundamentally redefine financial intermediation by integrating the entire landscape of financial services into their own digital ecosystems. This does not mean that banks will be disintermediated; but rather that banks may be interfaced with bigtechs' platforms. Such a move is already gaining considerable traction in China. He then outlined the four coexisting intermediation models:

    • The traditional banking intermediation model for certain financial services, like mortgages
    • A non-bank financial intermediation model (formerly known as "shadow banking") performed by the asset management industry, in particular financing the corporate sector
    • A re-intermediated model, in which fintechs and bigtechs intermediate the banks, on the retail segment in particular
    • A fully disintermediated model supported by blockchain and peer-to-peer economies

    He added that the approach of BDF to all these new trends in financial intermediation is to harness the fintech opportunities while preserving the financial safety nets and a level playing field. Highlighting the importance of national initiatives as well as the European convergance, he added that BDF advocates a European regulation of crowdfunding platforms based on the French model. He explained that BDF's stance on regulating financial technologies is three-fold:

    • First, well-articulated and complementary regulation and supervision ranging from micro-prudential to macro-prudential and from prudential to consumer protection, anti-money laundering, data protection, and anti-trust laws
    • Second, a technology-neutral stance, which accommodates fintech innovation while preserving financial stability. In this respect, finding the right balance implies an open-minded approach and an in-depth understanding of innovation. That is why, in 2016, BDF created a specific Fintech-innovation hub at the ACPR to engage in a dialog with innovators: nearly 400 of them contacted BDF through this dedicated channel
    • Third, an activity-based regulation and supervision, to ensure a level playing field between all entities pursuing the same financial activity. The current multiplication of licensing categories to reflect the diversification of business models entails the risk of a loss of regulatory clarity and regulatory arbitrage, which needs to be addressed.

    Mr. Beau emphasized that financial technologies can also be an asset to enhance compliance with regulation or risk management practices: that is what we call "Regtech." They can also help the supervisor to perform its task more efficiently, which is called "Suptech" (supervisory technology). In both areas, the prospects are promising. Think of the potential gain of efficiency for a supervisor if it could take advantage of big data and artificial intelligence, for example, to analyze the huge amount of quantitative and qualitative data reported regularly to him as well as weak signals collected in the market—or if a supervisor could turn the backward-looking monitoring tools into predictive processes. Finally, he added that supervisors are just at the beginning of the learning curve and they will clearly face a number of challenges: facing risks inherent to innovative projects, understanding the capabilities and limitations of new technologies, enhancing a modern data culture in supervision, and hiring people with new and rare skills.


    Related Link: Speech

      

    Keywords: Europe, EU, France, Banking, Securities, Non-Bank Financial Intermediaries, Shadow Banking, Bigtech, Fintech, Regtech, Suptech, BDF, BIS

    Related Articles
    News

    BCBS Proposes to Amend Rules on Minimum Haircut Floors for SFTs

    BCBS is consulting on two technical amendments to the rules on minimum haircut floors for securities financing transactions, or SFTs.

    January 26, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BIS Launches Euro Green Bond Fund for Central Banks

    BIS launched a EUR-denominated, open-ended fund for green bond investments by central banks and official institutions, following the launch of the first BIS green bond fund denominated in USD in September 2019.

    January 25, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Announces Stress Test Timeline; ECB Sets Up Climate Change Center

    EBA announced that it will launch the 2021 EU-wide stress test exercise, with the publication of the macroeconomic scenarios on January 29, 2021.

    January 25, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BoE Discontinues Form CX on Capital Expenditure and Finance Leasing

    BoE announced that the reporting entities are no longer required to report Form CX after the fourth quarter of 2020 reference period, with the last collection on January 29, 2021.

    January 25, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECB President Answers Queries on Application of EU Taxonomy

    ECB published a letter in which the President Christine Lagarde answered questions, from a Member of the European Parliament, on the application of the EU taxonomy on sustainable finance.

    January 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    PRA Issues Direction on Capital Buffers, Finalizes PS1/21 on SM&CR

    PRA published a direction for modification by consent of 5.1 to 5.3 and 5.5 of the Capital Buffers Part of the PRA Rulebook.

    January 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BIS Innovation Hub Sets Out Work Program for 2021

    BIS Innovation Hub published the work program for 2021, with focus on suptech and regtech, next-generation financial market infrastructure, central bank digital currencies, open finance, green finance, and cyber security.

    January 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EC Plans to Consult on Crisis Management and EDIS Framework Revisions

    In an article published by SRB, Mairead McGuinness, the European Commissioner for Financial Services, Financial Stability, and Capital Markets Union, discussed the progress and next steps toward completion of the Banking Union.

    January 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Finalizes Remuneration Standards for Investment Firms in EU

    EBA finalized the two sets of draft regulatory technical standards on the identification of material risk-takers and on the classes of instruments used for remuneration under the Investment Firms Directive (IFD).

    January 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECA Recommends Actions to Enhance Resolution Planning for Banks

    EC published, in the Official Journal of the European Union, a notification that the European Court of Auditors (ECA) has published a special report on resolution planning in the Single Resolution Mechanism.

    January 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 6495