General Information & Client Service
  • Americas: +1.212.553.1653
  • Asia: +852.3551.3077
  • China: +86.10.6319.6580
  • EMEA: +44.20.7772.5454
  • Japan: +81.3.5408.4100
Media Relations
  • New York: +1.212.553.0376
  • London: +44.20.7772.5456
  • Hong Kong: +852.3758.1350
  • Tokyo: +813.5408.4110
  • Sydney: +61.2.9270.8141
  • Mexico City: +001.888.779.5833
  • Buenos Aires: +0800.666.3506
  • São Paulo: +0800.891.2518
January 24, 2019

IMF published its staff report and selected issues report under the 2018 Article IV consultation with the People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR). The staff report focuses on progress made toward implementing the 2014 Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) recommendations and assesses the overall the health of the financial sector in Hong Kong SAR, including the implementation of Basel III. The selected issues report highlights Hong Kong SAR as a regional financial center and a gateway to Mainland China, examining the impact of external developments on the financial sector of Hong Kong SAR.

The staff report highlights that robust financial regulation and supervision should help weather domestic and external shocks. The implementation of Basel III requirements remains on track and the countercyclical capital buffer has appropriately been increased further. The authorities have also introduced the net stable funding ratio while rules on loss-absorbing capacity requirements for authorized institutions will be implemented by the year-end. Banks’ capital buffers and liquidity positions remain strong, due to stringent regulatory standards. Moreover, supervision of bank loans to property developers has been appropriately strengthened through higher capital charges, with Mainland China-related exposures being closely monitored. The overall financial exposure to Mainland China remains high, with about 39% of loans extended for Mainland-related purposes. Asset quality of that lending remained sound, with a nonperforming loan ratio of 0.64% in the third quarter of 2018. Appendix V summarizes the property market measures introduced since 2009 while the staff recommends that the authorities should also consider measures to extend the regulatory perimeter to reduce regulatory arbitrage from lending by property developers.

The staff report states that Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) intends to impose quantitative limits on margin lending by brokers. Moreover, the development of a risk-based capital regime for insurance companies is in Phase 2, with a focus on detailed rules for quantitative requirements. The staff report also concludes that the authorities have implemented all the main recommendations from the 2014 FSAP. Appendix IV details the 2014 FSAP recommendations and their implementation status while Appendix VI discusses the stats of the key recommendations of the 2017 Article IV consultation. The next FSAP for Hong Kong SAR is scheduled for 2019. The staff recommends that robust regulatory and supervisory framework should continue to be strengthened to limit buildup of risks.

The staff also recommends that fintech developments should be carefully evaluated to balance efficiency gains against potential risks. Continued efforts to support healthy development of the fintech sector will be the key to bolster standing of Hong Kong SAR as a regional financial center. Technology risks and cyber-security continue to be a focus, with the aim to achieve a balance between innovation and regulation. In this context, a number of initiatives are currently underway:

  • HKMA launched an Open Application Programming Interface (API) Framework for the banking sector in July 2018 to encourage greater banking sector competition and innovation; all retail banks will be required to have open API at the end of the implementation, which will take place over four phases.
  • The revised Guideline on Authorization of Virtual Banks was issued in May 2018.
  • The Faster Payment System, allowing the use of e-mails and mobile phones for payments in Hong Kong dollars and RMB across 21 banks and ten e-wallets, was launched in September 2018 and it supports instant, multi-currency payments on a 24/7 basis.
  • HKMA is strengthening collaboration with authorities in other jurisdictions to support innovation and information-sharing. A distributed ledger technology-based trade finance platform—eTradeConnect—was launched in October 2018. Meanwhile, the Enhanced Fintech Supervisory Sandbox, in operation since September 2017, helps to enhance communications between regulators and financial institutions on ongoing Fintech projects.

 

Related Links

Keywords: Asia Pacific, Hong Kong, Banking, Insurance, Securities, Basel III, Fintech, Article IV, FSAP, IMF

Related Insights
News

US Agencies Propose Revisions to FFIEC Reports 031, 041, 051, and 101

US Agencies (FDIC, FED, and OCC) propose to extend for three years, with revision, FFIEC 031, FFIEC 041, FFIEC 051, and FFIEC 101.

February 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

OFR Adopts Data Collection Rule on Centrally Cleared Repo Transactions

OFR adopted a final rule to establish a data collection covering centrally cleared funding transactions in the U.S. repurchase agreement (repo) market.

February 20, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

FHFA Finalizes Rule on Federal Home Loan Bank Capital Requirements

FHFA published, in Federal Register, the final rule to adopt, as its own, portions of the regulations of the Federal Housing Finance Board pertaining to the capital requirements for the Federal Home Loan Banks.

February 20, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

PRA Publishes PS4/19 on Loss-Absorbency Mechanism Under Solvency II

PRA published a policy statement (PS4/19) that provides feedback on responses to the consultation paper (CP27/18) on adjusting for the reduction of loss absorbency where own fund instruments are taxed on write down under Solvency II.

February 20, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

SRB Publishes Framework for Performing Valuations in Resolution

The framework provides independent valuers and the general public with an indication of the expectations of SRB on the principles and methodologies for valuation reports, as set out in the legal framework.

February 19, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

BIS Paper on Effect of Securities Lending on OTC Market Liquidity

BIS published a working paper that studies how securities lending affects over-the-counter market (OTC) liquidity.

February 19, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

US Agencies Extend Consultation Period for the Proposed SA-CCR

US Agencies (FDIC, FED, and OCC) extended the comment period for a proposed rule to update their standards for how firms measure counterparty credit risk posed by derivative contracts.

February 18, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

FED Extends Consultation Period for Stress Testing Rule

FED has published in the Federal Register a notice proposing amendments to the company run and supervisory stress test rules.

February 15, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

EBA Single Rulebook Q&A: Third Update for February 2019

EBA published answers to two questions under the Single Rulebook question and answer (Q&A) updates for this week.

February 15, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

SEC Proposes Rule on Risk Mitigation Techniques for Uncleared SBS

SEC proposed a rule that would require the application of specific risk-mitigation techniques to portfolios of security-based swaps (SBS) that are not submitted for clearing.

February 15, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 2623