December 22, 2017

IMF published a working paper on shadow banking and market discipline on traditional banks. The paper proposes a framework in which depositors may withdraw their deposits early in reaction to crises.

The paper presents a model in which shadow banking arises endogenously and undermines market discipline on traditional banks. Depositors' ability to re-optimize in response to crises imposes market discipline on traditional banks: these banks optimally commit to a safe portfolio strategy to prevent early withdrawals. With costly commitment, shadow banking emerges as an alternative banking strategy that combines high risk-taking with early liquidation in times of crisis.

The model focuses on the 2008 financial crisis in the United States, during which shadow banks experienced a sudden dry-up of funding and liquidated their assets. It derives an equilibrium in which the shadow banking sector expands to a size where its liquidation causes a fire-sale and exposes traditional banks to liquidity risk. Higher deposit rates in compensation for liquidity risk also weaken threats of early withdrawal and traditional banks pursue risky portfolios that may leave them in default. Policy interventions—such as liquidity support, bank regulation, and deposit insurance—which are aimed at making traditional banks safer, fuel further expansion of shadow banking but have a net positive impact on financial stability. The paper argues that financial stability can also be achieved with a tax on shadow bank profits.

 

Related Links

Keywords: International, Banking, Shadow Banking, Fire Sales, IMF

Related Articles
News

FSB to Evaluate Effects of Too-Big-To-Fail Reforms for Systemic Banks

FSB is seeking feedback as part of its evaluation of the effects of the too-big-to-fail reforms for banks.

May 23, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

APRA Releases Minor Changes to Reporting Standards on SA-CCR for Banks

APRA released minor changes to the three reporting standards for the standardized approach for measuring counterparty credit risk exposures (SA-CCR).

May 22, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

APRA on Industry Self-Assessments into Governance and Accountability

APRA released an information paper analyzing the self-assessments performed by 36 of the country’s largest banks, insurers, and superannuation licensees in response to the final report on the Prudential Inquiry into the Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA).

May 22, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

PRA Consults on Maintenance of TMTP Under Solvency II

PRA published a consultation paper (CP11/19) that sets out its approach to update supervisory statement (SS6/16) on maintenance of the transitional measure on technical provisions (TMTP) under Solvency II.

May 22, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

APRA Proposes to Amend Guidance on Residential Mortgage Lending

APRA is consulting on revisions to the prudential practice guide APG 223 on residential mortgage lending in Australia.

May 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

IASB Proposes Improvements to IFRS 9 and IFRS 16

IASB published the exposure draft ED 2019/2 that proposes amendments to four IFRS standards, including IFRS 9 on Financial Instruments and IFRS 16 on Leases.

May 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

Denis Beau of BDF on Supervisory Priorities for Climate-Change Risks

Denis Beau, the First Deputy Governor of BDF, delivered opening remarks at the BCBS-BSCEE-FSI High-level Meeting for Europe on banking supervision.

May 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

ISDA CDM to be Deployed for UK Digital Regulatory Reporting Pilot

ISDA announced deployment of the ISDA Common Domain Model (ISDA CDM 2.0) to support the UK FCA, BoE, and participating financial institutions in testing phase two of the Digital Regulatory Reporting pilot for derivatives.

May 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

MAS to Consolidate Regulation of Merchant Banks Under Banking Act

MAS published a consultation paper that proposes to consolidate the regulation of merchant banks under the Banking Act and to move merchant banks to a licensing regime under the MAS Act.

May 21, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
News

ESAs Amend Technical Standards on Mapping of ECAIs Under CRR

ESAs published a second amendment to the implementing technical standards on the mapping of credit assessments of External Credit Assessment Institutions (ECAIs) for credit risk under the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).

May 20, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 3118