CNB decided to leave the systemic risk buffer rates for the five most systemically important banks unchanged from January 01, 2021 onward. The rates will thus remain at 3% for Česká spořitelna, ČSOB, and Komerční banka; 2% for UniCredit Bank; and 1% for Raiffeisenbank. After transposition of the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD) V into the national legislation, CNB will start to use the buffer for other systemically important institutions (O-SIIs), instead of the systemic risk buffer to mitigate risks connected with the systemic importance of banks. A systemic risk buffer is expressed as a percentage of the overall risk exposure of a bank and must consist of the Common Equity Tier 1 capital of a bank.
In addition, the CNB Board decided to leave the countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) rate for exposures in the Czech Republic at 0.50%. Earlier, on June 18, 2020, the CNB Board had decided to lower the CCyB to 0.50%, with effect from July 01, 2020. Banks and credit unions shall apply this rate for calculating the combined buffer requirement from October 01, 2021. Obliged institutions are required to create this buffer on the basis of the regulator’s instructions in periods of excessive growth in lending. Excessive lending growth usually increases financial imbalances and leads to a rise in systemic risk. By contrast, at times of falling economic activity, accompanied by rising credit losses, this buffer should be released so that non-financial corporations and households continue to have access to loans without excessively tight conditions. The CCyB is set in the Czech Republic by the Czech National Bank on a quarterly basis.
Keywords: Europe, Czech Republic, Banking, CCyB, Systemic Risk Buffer, CRD5, Systemic Risk, Regulatory Capital, Basel, Macro-Prudential Policy, CNB
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