Featured Product

    FSI Note Discusses Challenges Associated with COVID Relief Measures

    August 06, 2020

    The Financial Stability Institute (FSI) of BIS published a brief note that examines the supervisory challenges associated with certain temporary regulatory relief measures introduced by BCBS and prudential authorities in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. These temporary relief measures introduced by governments and banks include public guarantees and payment deferrals to support struggling borrowers. The note highlights that the most consequential challenge for prudential authorities will be how and when to exit from these exceptional regulatory relief measures, particularly if credit risks continue to mount on bank balance sheets.

    The note briefly summarizes key features of the public guarantees and payment deferral schemes, how COVID-affected borrowers that have been granted debt relief are classified under the BCBS prudential guidelines on problem assets, and how such exposures and the related expected credit loss (ECL) provisions are considered in calculating regulatory capital. It then examines the implications of regulatory relief measures on key prudential metrics and outlines the supervisory challenges arising from these relief measures. In view of these challenges, the note describes the following practical steps that prudential authorities can take to enhance their supervisory risk assessments and to support banks’ efforts to reflect credit risk in their reported regulatory measures:

    • Ensure that banks proactively utilize the UTP criterion—independent of public guarantees—to determine the stock of reported nonperforming exposures
    • Assess, under Pillar 2, whether the minimum Pillar 1 credit risk capital requirements under the standardized and internal ratings-based approaches are sufficient in relation to a bank’s stock of nonperforming exposures and other low-quality assets
    • Determine the cumulative amount and realizability of the “interest accrued but not collected” line item associated with borrowers granted payment deferrals
    • Provide guidance to banks on how to reflect the impact of partial guarantees that may be provided to incentivize lending to affected borrowers, for the purpose of calculating risk-based capital requirements
    • Encourage banks to consider using, where appropriate, other forms of credit modifications, such as principal haircuts—rather than relying solely on payment deferrals that must be repaid—particularly for borrowers that have already been identified as unlikely to pay their rescheduled debts

    The note highlights that, as long as the fallout from the pandemic continues, these temporary relief measures are likely to remain in the prudential framework, while credit risks continue to mount on bank balance sheets. This dichotomy poses risks to financial stability, particularly if credit losses materialize after the payment holiday period ends and the regulatory relief measures can no longer prevent heightened credit risks from being fully reflected in a bank’s reported level of non-performing exposures and common equity tier 1 risk-based capital (CET1 RBC) ratio, both of which are widely used benchmarks to assess the health of banks and national financial systems. The conclusion is that, going forward, the most consequential challenge for prudential authorities will be how and when to exit from these exceptional regulatory relief measures. Acting too early may be counterproductive and could exacerbate a credit crunch, while waiting too late may undermine confidence in the regulatory regime and threaten systemic stability. As with all difficult decisions in prudential supervision, making the right calls, at the right time will involve the use of sound judgment; the judgments made, particularly in these unprecedented times, can have a ripple effect on the wheels that grease the global economy

     

    Related Links

    Keywords: International, Banking, COVID-19, Loan Guarantee, Payment Deferrals, Credit Risk, Regulatory Capital, ECL, NPE, Basel, FSI, BIS

    Featured Experts
    Related Articles
    News

    BIS Innovation Hub Sets Out Work Program for 2021

    BIS Innovation Hub published the work program for 2021, with focus on suptech and regtech, next-generation financial market infrastructure, central bank digital currencies, open finance, green finance, and cyber security.

    January 22, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EC Plans to Consult on Crisis Management and EDIS Framework Revisions

    In an article published by SRB, Mairead McGuinness, the European Commissioner for Financial Services, Financial Stability, and Capital Markets Union, discussed the progress and next steps toward completion of the Banking Union.

    January 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    EBA Finalizes Remuneration Standards for Investment Firms in EU

    EBA finalized the two sets of draft regulatory technical standards on the identification of material risk-takers and on the classes of instruments used for remuneration under the Investment Firms Directive (IFD).

    January 21, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    ECA Recommends Actions to Enhance Resolution Planning for Banks

    EC published, in the Official Journal of the European Union, a notification that the European Court of Auditors (ECA) has published a special report on resolution planning in the Single Resolution Mechanism.

    January 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    BoE Publishes Key Elements of the 2021 Stress Testing for Banks in UK

    BoE published a scenario against which it will be stress testing banks in 2021, in addition to setting out the key elements of the 2021 stress test, guidance on the 2021 stress test, and the variable paths for the 2021 stress test.

    January 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    PRA Proposes Rules on Identity Verification of Depositor Protection

    PRA published a consultation paper (CP3/21) proposes rules regarding the timing of identity verification required for eligibility of depositor protection under the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS).

    January 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FSB Publishes Work Program for 2021

    FSB published the work program for 2021, which reflects a strategic shift in priorities in the COVID-19 environment.

    January 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FCA Issues Update on Move to New Data Collection Platform

    FCA announced that 50% firms have started using the new data collection platform RegData, which is slated to replace the existing platform known Gabriel.

    January 20, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    Bundesbank Publishes Derivation Rules for Reporting by Banks

    Bundesbank published Version 5.0 of the derivation rules for completeness check at the form level, with respect to the data quality of the European harmonized reporting system.

    January 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    News

    FED Revises Capital Planning and Stress Testing Requirements for Banks

    FED finalized a rule that updates capital planning requirements to reflect the new framework from 2019 that sorts large banks into categories, with requirements that are tailored to the risks of each category.

    January 19, 2021 WebPage Regulatory News
    RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 6488