General Information & Client Service
  • Americas: +1.212.553.1653
  • Asia: +852.3551.3077
  • China: +86.10.6319.6580
  • EMEA: +44.20.7772.5454
  • Japan: +81.3.5408.4100
Media Relations
  • New York: +1.212.553.0376
  • London: +44.20.7772.5456
  • Hong Kong: +852.3758.1350
  • Tokyo: +813.5408.4110
  • Sydney: +61.2.9270.8141
  • Mexico City: +001.888.779.5833
  • Buenos Aires: +0800.666.3506
  • São Paulo: +0800.891.2518
April 02, 2018

IMF published the technical assistance report on the financial sector stability review (FSSR) of Costa Rica. The report presents key recommendations of the IMF mission to achieve the main strategic objectives. The key recommendations concern improvements in banking, insurance, pensions, securities, and macro-prudential supervision. The report also details the Technical Assistance Roadmap (including priorities and timelines) for Costa Rica and contains a table summarizing the proposed roadmap, which is further detailed in Annex III.

Banking, insurance, securities, and pensions are supervised by dedicated agencies under the aegis of the Central Bank of Costa Rica (BCCR) and the authority and coordination of the National Council for the Supervision of the Financial System (CONASSIF). The financial system is highly dollarized and dominated by the banking sector (80% of financial system assets). The insurance sector opened in 2008, produces a premium of nearly USD 1.2 billion, and is dominated by the state-owned Instituto Nacional de Seguros (INS). Securities markets are dominated by the public debt market. The legal framework governing the financial sector is highly fragmented. General laws define the responsibilities for the central bank, the supervisory authorities, and participants in the market. Those laws coexist with a number of organic laws governing financial institutions, such as laws establishing state-owned institutions (banks, the systemic insurer, and some pension funds), financial cooperatives, and several “special regimen entities” in the banking, insurance, and pension sectors. This is a somewhat unbalanced situation, as not all entities are governed by the same rules. The legal framework is deep-rooted and to pass any legal change is not a simple process.

The mission concludes that, despite progress, the financial stability framework in Costa Rica is not well-prepared to handle a potential systemic financial crisis. Supervision of the financial sector is becoming risk-based and intensive, but it lacks key legal powers, tools, and responsibilities for effective oversight of institutions and markets. Serious vulnerabilities in the pension sector, the secondary markets, and financial-crisis safety nets need urgent attention. Key recommendations made by previous missions remain unimplemented. Implementation of the pending 2008 FSAP recommendations and adoption of Basel III standards (gradually introducing capital requirements and liquidity standards) would improve the resilience of the financial system. Although the banking supervisor SUGEF has made progress in its capital adequacy framework on an individual basis, there are still gaps vis-à-vis Basel Committee standards. Regulations on the management of credit risk, country and transfer risks, and concentration risk have not yet been issued. While some progress has been made in several areas, the general framework under which banking supervision is conducted still has serious weaknesses. SUGEF is preparing a draft law on consolidated supervision to be submitted to CONASSIF for approval and subsequent submission to the Legislative Assembly. The draft law that was presented to the mission would address almost all current weaknesses related to consolidated supervision.

The prudential regulation of the insurance and the pension sectors needs further development. The insurance capital regime contains important risk-sensitive elements and goes beyond Solvency I, but its calibration to meet the risk appetite of the insurance supervisor (SUGESE) is lacking. The solvency ratio is calculated using the risk capital that captures investment risk, operation risk, insurance risk, reinsurance risk, and catastrophic risk. The investment risk capital calculation is consistent with the banking sector methodology. The mission recommends that Costa Rica needs to improve its financial safety net by providing an effective lender of last resort process, implementing a deposit insurance fund for all banks, developing effective bank resolution mechanisms, and establishing crisis management protocols. To strengthen banking regulation and supervision, Technical Assistance is primarily directed to support regulatory developments, following the approval of current legislative projects. In the medium term, Technical Assistance can analyze the impact of Basel II/III standards and help implementation planning, depending on the priorities and readiness of the authorities. Furthermore, the development of the prudential regulation and supervision of the insurance and the pension sectors will benefit from external assistance.


Related Link: Technical Assistance Report

Keywords: Americas, Costa Rica, Banking, Insurance, Securities, Pensions, Basel III, Banking Supervision, FSSR, Solvency, Resolution Framework, Technical Assistance, Roadmap, IMF

Related Insights

FSB Report Examines Financial Stability Implications of Fintech

FSB published a report that assesses fintech-related market developments and their potential implications for financial stability.

February 14, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

US Agencies Amend Regulatory Capital Rule to Allow Phase-In for CECL

US Agencies (FDIC, FED, and OCC) adopted the final rule to address changes to credit loss accounting under the U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; this includes banking organizations’ implementation of the current expected credit losses (CECL) methodology.

February 14, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

OCC Consults on Company-Run Stress Test Requirements for Banks

OCC proposed amendments to its company-run stress testing requirements for national banks and Federal savings associations, consistent with section 401 of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection (EGRRCP) Act.

February 12, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

CFTC Extends Comment Periods for Trade Execution Requirement Proposals

CFTC announced that it is extending comment period for the proposed amendments related to the regulations on swap execution facilities (SEF) and trade execution requirement.

February 12, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

OCC Proposes to Renew Information Collection Under Stress Test Rule

OCC is proposing to renew its information collection titled “Annual Stress Test Rule” (OMB Control No: 1557-0311). Comments must be received on or before March 13, 2019.

February 11, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

OSFI Consults on NSFR Disclosure Requirements for D-SIBs

OSFI proposed the draft guideline on the net stable funding ratio (NSFR) disclosure requirements for domestic systemically important banks (D-SIBs).

February 11, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

EC Amends Its Regulation to Clarify Impairment Requirements for IFRS 9

EC published the EU Regulation 2019/237 that amends Regulation (EC) No 1126/2008 adopting certain international accounting standards, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1606/2002 regarding International Accounting Standard (IAS) 28 on Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures.

February 11, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

FSB Chair Randal Quarles Speaks About the Upcoming Work of FSB

While speaking at the BIS Special Governors Meeting in Hong Kong, Randal K. Quarles, the Chair of FSB and Vice Chair of FED, discussed his views on how the work of FSB must evolve and the key principles that, he believes, should inform that work.

February 10, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

OSFI Proposes to Amend the Liquidity Adequacy Requirements for Banks

OSFI proposed revisions to the Liquidity Adequacy Requirements (LAR) Guideline for banks. OSFI published the proposed drafts (with proposed changes highlighted in yellow) of Chapters 1,2, 4, and 5 of the LAR guideline.

February 08, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News

HKMA Publishes FAQs on Local Implementation of IRRBB Framework

HKMA published the frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to the local implementation of the interest rate risk in the banking book (IRRBB).

February 08, 2019 WebPage Regulatory News
RESULTS 1 - 10 OF 2593