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Article

Gauging CECL Cyclicality

In this paper, we provide empirical support for the conclusion that the CECL standard will be less procyclical than the incurred loss standard.

December 2018 Pdf Mark Zandi, Dr. Cristian deRitis
Article

CECL Survey

We asked attendees of the 2018 Moody's Analytics Summit their thoughts on four key questions in preparation for the new standard.

November 2018 Pdf Dr. Sohini Chowdhury
Article

CECLnomics and the Promise of Countercyclical Loss Accounting

In this study, we address these shortcomings by utilizing data that track loan volume and performance to ascertain CECL's cyclical impact.

October 2018 Pdf Dr. Cristian deRitis
Article

Mean Reversion in CECL: The What and the How

With the CECL guidelines on mean reversion open to multiple interpretations, our paper discusses some approaches institutions can take for reversion beyond the reasonable and supportable horizon.

Article

CECL: Credit Cards and Lifetime Estimation - A Reasonable Approach

Many institutions are struggling to apply the CECL standard as it pertains to credit cards, and in particular determining the lifetime value for credit card portfolios. In this paper, we explore the different approaches to evaluating lifetime estimates for the credit card portfolio.

September 2018 WebPage Laurent Birade
Article

Assigning Probabilities to Macroeconomic Alternative Scenarios

In this article, we describe the methodology used by Moody's Analytics to assign probabilities to its regularly produced alternative macroeconomic scenarios and to calibrate these scenarios by taking into consideration recent post-crisis economic conditions.

September 2018 Pdf Moody's Analytics
Article

To Follow the Pack or Not: CECL Based on the Consensus

This paper compares and contrasts, through the CECL lens, the two baseline scenarios Moody's Analytics produces monthly: the Moody's Analytics baseline and the consensus baseline.

September 2018 Pdf Dr. Sohini Chowdhury
Article

Beyond Theory: A Practical Guide to Using Economic Forecasts for CECL Estimates

In this paper, we discuss some of the options that institutions have for incorporating economic forecasts into their expected loan loss reserve calculations. We discuss the benefits and costs of each approach and provide practical recommendations based on institution size and complexity.

Article

Improving Risk Ratings in Preparation for CECL

When calculating expected credit losses, accuracy is paramount. This is a challenging task, but there are specific steps financial institutions can take to build meaningful risk ratings that lead to more precise loss calculations and better, more informed decisions.

August 2018 WebPage Christian Henkel
Article

The Impact of Assumptions on the CECL Estimate

Across institutions of all sizes, one of the questions executive management should be asking their CECL working groups is, "What is the impact to our bottom line?"

August 2018 WebPage Masha Muzyka
Whitepaper

A Composite Capital Measure Unifying Business Decision Rules in the Face of Regulatory Requirements Under New Accounting Standards

Prudent credit risk management ensures institutions maintain sufficient capital and limit the possibility of a capital breach. With CECL and IFRS 9, the resulting trend toward greater credit earnings volatility raises uncertainty in capital supply, ultimately causing an increase in required capital. It is ever more challenging for institutions to manage their top-of-the house capital while steering their business to achieve the desired performance level. This paper introduces an approach that quantifies the additional capital buffer an institution requires, beyond the required regulatory minimum, to limit the likelihood of a capital breach. In addition, we introduce a new measure that allocates capital and recognizes an instrument's regulatory capital requirements, loss allowance, economic concentration risks, and the instrument's contribution to the uncertainty in capital supply and demand. In-line with the Composite Capital Measure introduced in Levy and Xu (2017), this extended measure includes far-reaching implications for business decisions. Using a series of case studies, we demonstrate the limitations of alternative measures and how institutions can optimize performance by allocating capital and making business decisions according to the new measure.

May 2018 Pdf Dr. Amnon Levy, Xuan Liang, Dr. Pierre Xu
Whitepaper

Measuring and Managing the Impact of IFRS 9 and CECL Requirements on Dynamics in Allowance, Earnings, and Bank Capital

Reserving for loan loss is one of the most important accounting aspects for banks. Its objective is to cover estimated losses on impaired financial instruments due to defaults and non-payment. Reserve measurement affects both the balance sheet and income statement. It impacts earnings, capital, dividends and bonuses, and attracts the attention of bank stakeholders ranging from the board of directors and regulators to equity investors. In response to the so-called “too-little, too-late” problem experienced with loan loss reserve during the Great Financial Crisis, accounting standard setters now require that banks provision against loan loss based on expected credit losses (ECL). Arguably, calculating the Expected Credit Loss Model under IFRS 9 and CECL presents a momentous accounting change for banks, with the new standards coming into effect sometime between 2018 and 2021, depending on the jurisdiction.

March 2018 Pdf Dr. Amnon Levy, Dr. Jing Zhang
Whitepaper

How Much Will CECL Impact Reserves for First Mortgage Portfolios?

In this article, we narrow the task of quantifying the overall impact of adopting CECL to the impact on first mortgage portfolios, as this line of business constitutes the biggest portion of consumer credit.

February 2018 Pdf Dr. Deniz Tudor
Whitepaper

Economic Scenarios: What's Reasonable and Supportable?

In this paper, we review and make recommendations on the use of economic scenarios in the CECL process along six key dimensions: FASB requirements, Forecast methodology and horizon definition, number of scenarios, mean reversions and custom scenarios. We conclude with a discussion of other considerations banks and lenders should bear in mind when developing a forward-looking process for CECL compliance.

October 2017 Pdf Dr. Cristian deRitis
Article

Predicting Earnings: CECL's Implications for Allowance Forecasts

In this article, we demonstrate the effect of the new allowance framework by quantifying allowances and credit earnings volatility for a sample portfolio.

July 2017 WebPage Joy Hart, Anna Labowicz
Article

Accounting for Purchased Credit Deteriorated Financial Assets: Current and Future GAAP

In this article, we explore existing and future accounting and operational challenges faced by institutions acquiring financial assets with credit deterioration.

July 2017 WebPage Masha Muzyka
Article

What Do Half a Million Loans Say About the Impact of CECL on Loan Loss Allowance?

In this article, we use historical data to calculate and compare loan- and portfolio-level loss allowances under the incurred loss model and CECL.

July 2017 WebPage Dr. Yanping Pan, Dr. Yashan Wang
Article

Infographic - Preparing for CECL

Banks are taking various approaches as they prepare for implementation of the new Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) standard.

April 2017 Pdf
Article

Preparing for the New Impairment Requirements: A Practitioner's View

This article describes the new standards set forth by the FASB. It covers the history of the ALLL and explains how the recent financial crisis highlighted the need for new standards.

June 2016 WebPage Christian Henkel, Emil Lopez
Whitepaper

CECL Technology Solutions Vendor Analysis Report

CECL Technology Solutions Vendor Analysis Report for ImpairmentStudio

Pdf
Article

CECL's Implications for Bank Profitability, System Stability, and Economic Growth

In this article, we analyze the potential effects of upcoming CECL regulations on lenders and explore the impact of CECL under different Moody's Analytics scenarios. A poorly timed transition could lead to a market-wide liquidity shortage or a crisis in economic activity. We provide suggestions on how the transition to CECL can be managed smoothly for minimal economic impact.

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